Unearthing Promise and Potential: Our Nation's Historically Black Colleges and Universities. ASHE Higher Education Report, Volume 35, Number 5. J-B ASHE Higher Education Report Series (AEHE)

  • ID: 2217139
  • Book
  • 152 Pages
  • John Wiley and Sons Ltd
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Born out of extreme racism and shepherded through the centuries by enduring hope, the nation′s historically black colleges and universities (HBCUs) have educated countless African Americans. These institutions, which boast great diversity, are treasures that illuminate the talent and potential of African Americans. This volume provides an overview of the salient issues facing HBCUs as well as the many contributions that these historic institutions make to our country as a whole.

Topics include

  1. Historic Origins of HBCUs
  2. Desegregation
  3. Students
  4. Presidental Leadership
  5. Faculty and Governance Issues
  6. Fundraising
  7. Federal and State Policy
  8. Curriculum
  9. Thoughts about the future

With suggestions for additional reading, other references and an appendix of historically black colleges and universities by, this is a comprehensive and much–needed addition to the literature in the field on HBCUs.

This is the fifth issue the 35th volume of the Jossey–Bass series ASHE Higher Education Report. Each monograph in the series is the definitive analysis of a tough higher education problem, based on thorough research of pertinent literature and institutional experiences. Topics are identified by a national survey. Noted practitioners and scholars are then commissioned to write the reports, with experts providing critical reviews of each manuscript before publication.

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Executive Summary vii

Foreword ix

Acknowledgments xi

Introduction and Overview 1

Historical Origins of HBCUs 5

Desegregation 11

The Language of Higher Education Desegregation 12

Pre–Brown Cases 12

Brown I and II 13

Brown and HBCUs 14

Post–Brown HBCU Rebuttal 14

Sanders v. Ellington 15

Knight v. Alabama 17

Fordice Cases 18

Post–Fordice to the Present 22

Students 27

College Choice 28

Gender 31

African American Males 35

African American Females 37

Campus Environments 38

Graduation and Outcomes 39

Presidential Leadership 43

Faculty and Governance Issues 47

Faculty Diversity 47

Critique of Governance 49

General Overview of Faculty Issues 51

Fundraising 55

A History of Fundraising 56

Alumni Giving 57

Educating Alumni Early 58

Issues of Infrastructure 59

Endowment Size 59

Federal and State Policy 61

Legislation 61

State Policies Toward HBCUs 69

Curriculum 73

Professional Fields 76

Graduate Work 78

Black Medical Schools and Medical Education 79

Engineering at HBCUs 80

Accreditation 82

Conclusion and Thoughts About the Future 85

Appendix: Historically Black Colleges and Universities 89

References 93

Additional Readings 107

Name Index 121

Subject Index 126

About the Authors 133

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Marybeth Gasman
Valerie Lundy–Wagner
Tafaya Ransom
Nelson Bowman III
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