Civic life is not only about the authority of government and the duties of citizens, but should also encompass passion and imagination. Civic Builders presents recent municipal buildings around the world that subscribe to this attitude: they all demonstrate a quality of playfulness and liveliness, whilst maintaining their dignity and power.
The book focuses on the city hall, where people have the most direct experience of government, both on the purely symbolic level and in the nitty–gritty of governmental functions. Organised chronologically, it begins with Säynätsalo Town Hall in Finland and three North American city halls: Toronto, Boston and Dallas. The Post–Modernist Portland Building, the James R. Thompson Center and Mississauga City Hall take us into the 1980s, followed by a profusion of intriguing civic buildings that began to emerge in Europe, North America and Asia in the 1990s – including Ottawa City Hall, the Vidhan Bhavan, La Flèche Town Hall, Murcia Town Hall and the Clark County Government Center, which is shown on the cover. It concludes with several projects in the United States that are still on the drawing board.
Beyond city halls, the book includes legislative buildings such as the Reichstag (1999) and the European Parliament Building (1999); some buildings that are only symbolically public, such as the Berlin Chancellery (2001) and the Chamber of Commerce and Industry of Slovenia (1999); and designs that show civic imagination can flourish even in the service of administration.
It is possible to see in these buildings a warmth and welcome, and a sense of connection to community. They bring to mind the base meaning of ′metropolis′, whose roots are literally ′mother–city′. In short, they show the human touch.
Other titles available in the Wiley–Academy ′Builders′ series:
Museum (1854901915), Theatre (1854904507), Library (0471977357, Church (0471977551), Monument (0471983683), Airport (0471984450), Bank (0471853593), Cinema (0471491381), University (0471988340), Bridge (047149786X)
Future titles include:
School Builders by Eleanor Curtis
Hospital Builders by Tony Monk
Theme Park Builders by Loraine Dearstyne Fowlow
Museum Builders II by Laura Hourston
Office Builders by Katherine MacInnes
ROBERT CAMPBELL, FAIA: BARBARIANS STRIP THE PALACE.
DONLYN LYNDON, FAIA: MAKING CIVIC PLACES THREE TALES FROM CALIFORNIA.
JOHN MORRIS DIXON, FAIA: FORMS OF GOVERNMENT.
CHARLES JENCKS: OPEN GOVERNMENT IN A CYNICAL AGE.
COLEMAN COKER: CIVIC FUTURE.
ALVAR AALTO: SÄYNÄTSALO TOWN HALL AND LIBRARY, Säynätsalo, Finland.
VILJO REVELL: TORONTO CITY HALL, Toronto, Canada.
KALLMANN MCKINNELL & KNOWLES: BOSTON CITY HALL, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.
I.M PEI & PARTNERS: DALLAS CITY HALL, Dallas, Texas, USA.
RAFAEL MONEO: LOGROÑO TOWN HALL, Logroño, Spain.
MICHAEL GRAVES & ASSOCIATES: PORTLAND PUBLIC SERVICES BUILDING, Portland, Oregon, USA.
MURPHY/JAHN: JAMES R. THOMPSON CENTER, Chicago, Illinois.
JONES & KIRKLAND: MISSISSAUGA CITY HALL, Mississauga, Ontario, Canada.
MITCHELL/GIURGOLA & THORP ARCHITECTS (MGT): PARLIAMENT HOUSE, Canberra, Australia.
DIAMOND AND SCHMITT ARCHITECTS INCORPORATED: NEWCASTLE TOWN HALL, Newcastle, Ontario, Canada.
CHARLES MOORE/URBAN INNOVATIONS GROUP: BEVERLY HILLS CIVIC CENTER EXPANSION, Beverly Hills, California, USA.
ARTHUR ERICKSON ARCHITECTS: FRESNO CITY HALL, Fresno, California, USA.
KENZO TANGE: TOKYO CITY HALL, Tokyo, Japan.
MICHAEL GRAVES & ASSOCIATES: ONJUKU TOWN HALL, Onjuku, Japan.
DIAMOND AND SCHMITT ARCHITECTS INCORPORATED: JERUSALEM CITY HALL, Jerusalem, Israel.
ADRIEN FAINSILBER: LA FLÊCHE TOWN HALL, La Flêche, France.
MOSHE SAFDIE: OTTAWA CITY HALL, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.
ALSOP ARCHITECTS: LES BOUCHES DU RHÔNE REGIONAL GOVERNMENT BUILDING, Marseille, France.
ARCHITEKTURBÜRO BOLLES+WILSON + PARTNER: WLV GMBH OFFICE BUILDING, Münster, Germany.
FENTRESS BRADBURN: CLARK COUNTY GOVERNMENT CENTER, Las Vegas, Nevada, USA.
RICHARD MEIER: HAGUE CITY HALL AND LIBRARY, The Hague, Netherlands.
CHARLES CORREA: VIDHAN BHAVAN, STATE ASSEMBLY, Bhopal, India.
LOG ID: BGW (HEALTH SERVICES AND WELFARE CARE) OFFICE BUILDING, Dresden, Germany.
LUSCHER & PARTNERS BAC MORGES: CANTON OF VAUD ADMINISTRATIVE BUILDING, Morges, Switzerland.
FENTRESS BRADBURN: CITY OF OAKLAND ADMINISTRATION BUILDINGS, Oakland, California, USA.
KOHN PEDERSEN FOX: PROVINCIEHUIS, The Hague, Netherlands.
RAFAEL MONEO: MURCIA TOWN HALL EXTENSION, Murcia, Spain.
PAREDES PEDROSA: VALDEMAQUEDA TOWN HALL, Valdemaqueda, Spain.
ARCHITECTURE–STUDIO PARIS: EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT, Strasbourg, France.
FOSTER AND PARTNERS: THE NEW GERMAN PARLIAMENT/REICHSTAG, Berlin, Germany.
VENTURI, SCOTT BROWN AND ASSOCIATES: LA HAUTE–GARONNE REGIONAL GOVERNMENT BUILDING, Toulouse, France.
SADAR VUGA ARHITEKTI: CHAMBER OF COMMERCE AND INDUSTRY OF SLOVENIA, Ljubljana, Slovenia.
AXEL SCHULTES AND CHARLOTTE FRANK: BERLIN CHANCELLERY, Berlin, Germany.
BASSETTI ARCHITECTS AND BOHLIN CYWINSKI JACKSON: SEATTLE CIVIC CENTER, CITY HALL, Seattle, Washington, USA.
NBBJ: SEATTLE CIVIC CENTER, JUSTICE CENTER, Seattle, Washington, USA.
GUSTAFSON PARTNERS AND SWIFT & COMPANY: SEATTLE CIVIC CENTER, CIVIC PLAZA, Seattle, Washington, USA.
FENTRESS BRADBURN: CITY OF SACRAMENTO ADMINISTRATIVE BUILDING, Sacramento, California, USA.
KOHN PEDERSEN FOX: CYPRUS HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES, Nicosia, Cyprus.
ANTOINE PREDOCK: AUSTIN CITY HALL, Austin, Texas, USA.
RICHARD MEIER & PARTNERS: SAN JOSE CIVIC CENTER, San Jose, California, USA.
JOHN MORRIS DIXON, FAIA, is an architecture graduate of MIT and left the drafting room in 1960 for a career in architectural journalism. He was chief editor of Progressive Architecture magazine from 1972 to 1995, during a period when the magazine was influential internationally.
ROBERT CAMPBELL, FAIA, received the Pulitzer Prize for Criticism for his work as architecture critic of the Boston Globe. He is a contributing editor of the magazines Architectural Record and Preservation, and the author of a book, Cityscapes of Boston. He has been in private practice since 1975 as an architectural consultant to cultural institutions and cities. His photographs and poems have appeared in numerous publications. In 1997 he was architect–in–residence at the American Academy in Rome. He is currently Visiting Professor at the University of Michigan Taubman College of Architecture and Urban Planning.
DONLYN LYNDON, FAIA, is the Eva Li Professor of Architecture at the University of California at Berkeley and editor of Places, a journal of environmental design. He is author of The City Observed: Boston, and co–author of Chambers for a Memory Palace and The Place of Houses. His architectural and urban design practice has included the design with Moore Lyndon Turnbull Whitaker of Condominium One at the Sea Ranch, California (1965), which received the distinguished 25–year Award from the AIA. He has headed the Departments of Architecture at the University of Oregon, MIT and Berkeley. In 1997, he was honoured with the AIA–ACSA′s Topaz Award, the highest award in architectural education.
CHARLES JENCKS is the author of the best–selling The Language of Post–Modern Architecture (Yale University Press, a seventh edition to be published this year), Architecture Today (Academy Editions, third edition, 1994), The Architecture of the Jumping Universe (Wiley–Academy, second edition, 1997) and other books on contemporary building and Post–Modern thought. His architecture, landscape design and furniture explore in different media the ideas developed in his writing.
COLEMAN COKER is the principal of buildingstudio, which aims to explore built presence grounded in the experience of the real world. With his former office Mockbee/Coker Architects, he received numerous architectural awards. He has been director of the Memphis Center of Architecture, is a fellow of the American Academy in Rome and has received the Loeb Fellowship in Advanced Environmental Studies at Harvard University Graduate School of Design.