Although quick to acknowledge organizations as multilevel systems, organizational science has traditionally developed and tested theoretical models from three distinct points of view organizational, group and individual. Each level has become the province of different disciplines, theories, and approaches that have evolved over time. The current challenge is to integrate processes occurring across and within all levels of an organization that affect the behavior of individuals, groups, and organizations as a whole.
Editors Katherine J. Klein and Steve W. J. Kozlowski draw on their own ample credentials and those of two dozen I/O experts to illuminate the interdependence of today′s organizational behavior patterns and to integrate the discipline for future study. The contributors examine top–down, bottom–up processes and effects; they identify central issues, provide examples of integrated, multilevel models, and evaluate the dominant and most accepted techniques for the analysis of multilevel data. \x09
By synthesizing, evaluating, and updating current theory, Multilevel Theory, Research, and Methods in Organizations unifies, rather than fragments, the discipline′s knowledge base. Seasoned practitioners and students of organizational structure and psychology will find the tools to bridge the gap between macro and micro approaches. This volume will stimulate and guide future researchers by providing convincing argument that multilevel analysis should be considered in the study of virtually all phenomena that occur in organizations today.
A Multilevel Approach to Theory and Research in Organizations: Contexual
Temporal, and Emergent Processes.
Personnel Selection Psychology: Multilevel Considerations.
Performance Appraisal and Performance Management: A Multilevel Analysis.
A Multilevel Approach to Training Effectiveness: Enhancing Horizontal and
Moving HR to a Higher Level: HR Practices and Organizational Effectiveness.
Interorganizational Relationships: A Multilevel Perspective.
Multilevel Issues and Culture: An Integrative View.
ANALYZING MULTILEVEL DATA.
Within–Group Agreement, Non–Independence, and Reliability: Implications for
The Cross–Level Operator in Regression, ANCOVA, and Contexual Analysis.
Within and Between Analysis: The Varient Paradigm as an Underlying Approach
to Theory Building and Testing.
The Application of Hierarchical Linear Modeling to Organizational Research.
Multilevel Analytical Techniques: Commonalities, Differences, and
Networks and Frog Ponds: Trends in Multilevel Research.
Multilevel Competencies and Missing Linkages.