This is the 115th issue of the Jossey–Bass series New Directions for Institutional Reseach.
1. History of Pay Equity Studies (Debra A. Barbezat)
This first chapter traces the evolution of salary–equity studies over time,
and how the findings have changed with regard to pay differences by
gender and race/ethnicity. The author reviews the literature on salary
equity for both faculty and nonfaculty academic employees.
2. Issues in Conducting an Institutional Salary–Equity
Study (Marianne A. Ferber and Jane W. Loeb)
The authors discuss how the selection of variables used in the salary
model, and the functional form of the salary model, can influence the
findings from an institutional salary–equity study. They also demonstrate
how an institution′s salary model can be used to identify pay disparities
for individual faculty members.
3. Alternatives for Measuring the Unexplained
Wage Gap (Robert K. Toutkoushian and Emily P. Hoffman)
This chapter reviews several different methods that analysts can use to
measure gender– and race–based pay differences for academic employees,
and how they are interrelated. The authors discuss the advantages
and disadvantages of each method, and show how they can give rise to
different estimates of pay disparity.
4. Regression Methods for Correcting Salary Inequities Between Groups of
Academic Employees (Ronald L. Oaxaca and Michael R Ransom)
The authors provide a review of the alternative methods available to
analysts for making salary adjustments in an effort to eliminate pay disparities.
They present a new approach in this chapter that can be used
to correct salary inequities.
ROBERT K. TOUTKOUSHIAN is the executive director of the Office of the Policy Analysis for the University System of New Hampshire. He has a doctorate in economics from Indiana University, has published studies on a salary equity for faculty and nonfaculty in academic journals such as the Journal of Higher Education, the Review of Higher Education, Economics of Education Review, the Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance, and Research in Higher Education, and has conducted salary equity studies for several postsecondary institutions.