"The Barretts’ historical perspective demonstrates vividly that the ‘ADR movement’ stems from roots that are deep and long–standing. The book is an informative treatise that highlights ADR’s diverse precursors, as well as its dramatic recent expansion and future promise."
Charles Pou, Jr., Charles Pou Dispute Resolution Services, Washington, D.C.; former director, Dispute Resolution Program, Administrative Conference of the U.S.
"This book’s important messagethat dispute resolution’s proponents need to pay more attention to the field’s surprisingly long and checkered historyis illustrated by a trove of wide–ranging and lively stories."
Chris Honeyman, mediator, arbitrator, and founder, Convenor Conflict Resolution, Madison, Wisconsin
"Barrett provides a fascinating account of the history of dispute resolution. From ancient Greece to the twenty–first century, sustainable solutions to conflicting interests have seldom resulted from raw exercise of power."
John Stepp, former FMCS mediator and former assistant secretary of labor, Washington, D.C.
"For senior practitioners as well as those new to the ADR community, Barrett’s book makes an important contribution to an understanding of where this dynamic field has been and what lies ahead for it."
Wallace Warfield, associate professor, George Mason University, Institute for Conflict Analysis and Resolution, and former president of SPIDR, Fairfax, Virginia
"Anyone who cares about alternative dispute resolution and its historical roots must read Jerry Barrett’s excellent book. Here is someone who was there, almost at the creation, and who has seen how this field has grown, expanded, and changed and who has made great contributions to this field."
Eileen Hoffman, mediator, trainer, adjunct professor of ADR, George Washington University Law School, and former SPIDR president, Washington, D.C.
"Finally, a history of our growing profession! Anyone who negotiates, mediates, arbitrates, or leads collaborative or consensus–building efforts will learn from this fascinating history of one of the oldest professional activitiesorganizing dialogue and making peace."
Juliana E. Birkhoff, senior mediator, RESOLVE, Washington, D.C.
William J. Usery
List of Acronyms xxi
ADR Timeline xxv
1. The Roots of ADR: The Deciding Stone to the European Law Merchant 1
2. Diplomatic ADR: Akhenaton to Woodrow Wilson 19
3. ADR Comes to America: The Precolonial Period to the Ten–Hour Day 41
4. The Civil War: The Limits and the Promise of ADR 55
5. Commercial and Business ADR: The Phoenicians to the American Arbitration Association 69
6. Employee and Union Struggles: Reconstruction to the Coal Wars 85
7. Trains and a World War: Pulling ADR into the Twentieth Century 97
8. Labor–Management ADR, 1920–1945: Bust and Boom 111
9. After the War: Taft–Hartley to the Steel Trilogy 125
10. Branching Out: ADR in the 1960s 141
11. New Rights and New Forms: ADR in the 1970s 159
12. Outside the Federal Realm: New Groups Pick Up the ADR Torch 177
13. Crisis and Rebirth: Labor–Management ADR in the 1980s 191
14. The Era of Win–Win: Nonlabor ADR Becomes a Force of Its Own 209
15. The Great Expansion: ADR in the 1990s 239
16. ADR and the Twenty–First Century: Threats and Hopes 259
About the Authors 283