Community College Missions in the 21st Century addresses the most pressing questions concerning community colleges, including:
- Is the societal mission of a community college to provide postsecondary education to students who might not otherwise obtain it, or to be responsive to the needs of local communities, including business and industry?
- Should its dominant functional mission be to provide transfer education so that students can eventually attain a baccalaureate, or should the institution concentrate on workforce training and continuing education?
- Given demographic shifts and pressures to be accountable and demonstrate student learning, are the traditional community college missions still relevant?
What makes discussions of community college missions so intriguing is that the answer to each of these questions is potentially yes, depending on one's perspective on the role of community colleges in America's education system. This volume examines these questions and others through various perspectives, using specific case studies and examining broader, more national perspectives.
This is the 136th volume of New Directions for Community Colleges, a quarterly journal published by Jossey–Bass.
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Barbara K. Townsend, Kevin J. Dougherty).
1. Community College Missions: A Theoretical and Historical Perspective (Kevin J. Dougherty, Barbara K. Townsend)
This chapter analyzes various conceptualizations of the missions of the community college, examines variations in these missions over time and across states and regions, discusses conflicts in mission, and speculates about the future of community college missions.
2. A Case for the Community College s Open Access Mission (Henry D. Shannon, Ronald C. Smith)
This chapter discusses the myriad economic, social, and political threats to the open access mission of America s community colleges.
3. Appraising the Efficacy of Civic Education at the Community College (George H. Higginbottom, Richard M. Romano)
This chapter discusses obstacles to and opportunities for the success of the community college s societal mission of education for civic competence.
4. The Transfer Mission: Tried and True, But Troubled? (Barbara K. Townsend, Kristin B. Wilson)
The community college s transfer mission is experiencing both challenges and opportunities due to changing demographics and governmental interest in baccalaureate attainment.
5. Prioritizing Service to the Academically Talented: The Honors College (Deborah L. Floyd, Alexandria Holloway)
Honors programs and colleges, including the Honors College at Miami Dade College, are examined in terms of their appropriateness to the community college mission of open access and egalitarianism.
6. The Uncertain Future of the Community College Workforce Development Mission (James Jacobs, Kevin J. Dougherty)
This chapter describes the evolution of the community college workforce development mission, the crisis it is currently facing, and alternative future paths, including a new vocationalism and an emphasis on meeting the needs of low–income adults.
7. Emerging Institutional Support for Developmental Education (Carol A. Kozeracki, J. Bryan Brooks)
A case study of emerging institutional support for developmental education at Davidson County Community College (North Carolina) illustrates the need to integrate this mission into the community college s varied missions.
8. Competing Missions: Balancing Entrepreneurialism with Community Responsiveness in Community College Continuing Education Divisions (John A. Downey, Brian Pusser, J. Kirsten Turner)
Drawing on the results of a national survey, the authors describe community college continuing education programs and analyze the impact of shifting economic and institutional factors.
9. Enrollment Management in the Comprehensive Community College: A Case Study of Bronx Community College (Nancy Ritze)
Using Bronx Community College (New York) as an example, this chapter describes the role institutional research can play in the enrollment management process.
10. Prioritizing Community College Missions: A Directional Effort (Christine Johnson McPhail, Irving Pressley McPhail)
The chapter delineates the essential elements of a framework for establishing mission priorities for community colleges.