This issue presents stories of colleges in crisis and considers what makes the difference between a college that closes and one that nearly closes but manages to remain open. It offers a range of revealing, hard–won experiences of college presidents who led their campuses in times of crises. Some colleges found no way out, and their stories offer lessons that are just as valuable as the stories of colleges that reinvented themselves and survived.
This is the 156th volume of the Jossey–Bass quarterly report series New Directions for Higher Education. Addressed to higher education decision makers on all kinds of campuses, it provides timely information and authoritative advice about major issues and administrative problems confronting every institution.
Editors′ Notes 3
Sounding a Wake–up CallAlice W. Brown
Innovative Strategies: Overview of the Contents 5Sandra L. Ballard
1. Case Study of a College that Closed: Saint Mary′s College 7Alice W. BrownNot every institution has the option of returning to an earlier mission, but when Saint Mary′s College closed, Saint Mary′s School, a prestigious, historic preparatory school for girls, thrived.
2. Bradford College: Requiem for a College 19Arthur LevineA liberal arts college with strong leadership can drastically change directions with only a few decisions.
3. A College that Reinvented Itself: The Wilson College Story 27Mary–Linda Merriam ArmacostAlumnae and students can influence the survival of a college by challenging the college′s trustees and working together to make unprecedented changes.
4. Case Study of Reinvention: College of Charleston 41Alice W. BrownA private historic college can become a part of a state university system.
5. Reinventing Black Colleges in Postethnic America: The Case of Knoxville College 49Barbara R. HattonIntegration laws that opened doors to public universities threatened enrollment at a private, historically African American college, which then reinvented its curriculum.
6. Antioch College: A Celebrated History and an Uncertain Future 65Elizabeth R. HayfordA signature combination of on–campus liberal arts courses and off–campus work experiences inspired collaborative efforts to preserve a college.
7. Advice to Presidents of Struggling Colleges 83Michael J. PuglisiA college president speaks from experience.