- Using instructional logs to identify quality in educational settings
- Classroom processes and positive youth development
- Assessing the quality of youth mentoring relationships
- Creating quality within the daily tumble of events in youth settings
- Assessing after–school settings
- Quality and accountability in the out–of–school–time
- Recent developments and future directions for the out–of–school–time field
The articles also offer practical advice about effective and manageable ways that practitioners can incorporate assessment into their work in order to improve quality. Together these articles represent a wealth of knowledge about what is important to measure in youth–serving settings and the pros and cons of different approaches to measurement. This information can help practitioners and policymakers grapple with how to use scarce evaluation resources wisely, establish productive accountability systems, and link data and program improvement strategies in ways that make services more effective.
This is the 121st volume of New Directions for Youth Development, the Jossey–Bass quarterly report series dedicated to bringing together everyone concerned with helping young people, including scholars, practitioners, and people from different disciplines and professions. The result is a unique resource presenting thoughtful, multi–faceted approaches to helping our youth develop into responsible, stable, well–rounded citizens.
Issue Editors′ Notes 1Nicole Yohalem, Robert C. Granger, Karen J. Pittman
Executive Summary 5
1. Using instructional logs to identify quality in educational settings 13Brian Rowan, Robin Jacob, Richard CorrentiThis chapter focuses on specific classroom processes and practices that influence student achievement and explores two common approaches to studying them: direct classroom observation and annual surveys of teachers.
2. Classroom processes and positive youth development: Conceptualizing, measuring, and improving the capacity of interactions between teachers and students 33Robert C. Pianta, Bridget K. HamreThe Classroom Assessment Scoring System (CLASS) framework and observation tool, a theoretically driven and empirically supported system for conceptualizing, organizing, and measuring classroom interactions, is used as a basis to discuss improving teacher–student interactions.
3. Capturing the magic: Assessing the quality of youth mentoring relationships 47Nancy L. Deutsch, Renée SpencerThis article discusses what it means, for research and practice, to consider mentoring relationships as settings embedded within the larger settings of mentoring programs.
4. Practitioner expertise: Creating quality within the daily tumble of events in youth settings 71Reed W. Larson, Aimee N. Rickman, Colleen M. Gibbons, Kathrin C. WalkerThis article argues that practitioner expertise how youth workers respond to and shape the myriad events, situations, and episodes they face on a daily basis is critical to understanding and measuring setting quality.
5. Assessing after–school settings 89Jean Baldwin Grossman, Julie Goldsmith, Jessica Sheldon, Amy J. A. ArbretonThis article explores three features of after–school quality youth engagement, well–conceived and delivered content, and a conducive learning environment and opportunities and limitations associated with different approaches to measuring them.
6. Quality and accountability in the out–of–school–time sector 109Charles Smith, Thomas J. Devaney, Tom Akiva, Samantha A. SugarThis article defines point–of–service quality in out–of–school time, describes an observational assessment tool and associated supports designed to assess and improve practice, and explores how quality metrics can be used to drive innovative approaches to accountability.
7. The quest for quality: Recent developments and future directions for the out–of–school–time field 129Nicole Yohalem, Robert C. Granger, Karen J. PittmanQuality has become a priority for the out–of–school–time field. This article features several promising opportunities for progress that are emerging across research, policy, and practice.