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Post–traumatic Stress Disorder. WPA Series in Evidence & Experience in Psychiatry

  • ID: 2221205
  • Book
  • July 2011
  • 304 Pages
  • John Wiley and Sons Ltd
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Despite the growing interest in the role of psychological trauma in the genesis of psychiatric disorders, few volumes have addressed these issues from a multidisciplinary and international perspective.  Given the complexity of resilience and post–traumatic disorder, and given ongoing trauma and violence in many parts of the world, it is crucial to apply such perspectives to review existing knowledge in the field and provide directions for future research.

This book has a broad scope.  A key focus is PTSD, because of its clinical and health importance, its obvious link with trauma, and its interest for many clinicians and researchers. However, the book also examines resilience and a range of mental health consequences of trauma, because it has become increasingly clear that not all individuals react to trauma in the same way. It is important for mental health professionals to be aware of the broad range of potential responses to trauma, as well as of relevant evidence–based treatments.

The book includes chapters that address a wide range of topics on trauma–related disorders, including nosology and classification, epidemiology, neurobiology, pharmacotherapy, and psychotherapy. Each chapter comprises a critical review of the existing literature, aimed at being useful for the practitioner.  This is followed by selected commentaries from other authorities on the topic, representing diverse geographical locations and points of view, who refine some of the perspectives offered in the review, provide alternative views, or suggest important areas of future work. 

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Preface xi

List of Contributors xv

1 PTSD and Related Disorders 1
Matthew J. Friedman


1.1 Walking the Line in Defining PTSD: Comprehensiveness Versus Core Features 35
Chris R. Brewin

1.2 Trauma–Related Disorders in the Clinical and Legal Settings 38
Elie G. Karam

1.3 Redefining PTSD in DSM–5: Conundrums and Potentially Unintended Risks 42
Alexander C. McFarlane

2 Epidemiology of PTSD 49
Carlos Blanco


2.1 Challenges and Future Horizons in Epidemiological Research into PTSD 75
Abdulrahman M. El–Sayed and Sandro Galea

2.2 Preventing Mental Ill–Health Following Trauma 79
Helen Herrman

2.3 PTSD Epidemiology with Particular Reference to Gender 82
Marianne Kastrup

3 Neurobiology of PTSD 89
Arieh Y. Shalev, Asaf Gilboa and Ann M. Rasmusson


3.1 Translational Theory–Driven Hypotheses and Testing Are Enhancing Our Understanding of PTSD and its Treatment 139
Brian H. Harvey

3.2 Precipitating and design approaches to PTSD 142
Eric Vermetten

4 Pharmacotherapy of PTSD 149
Dan J. Stein and Jonathan C. Ipser


4.1 Critical View of the Pharmacological Treatment of Trauma 163
Marcelo F. Mello

4.2 Shortcomings and Future Directions of the Pharmacotherapy of PTSD 164
Michael Van Ameringen and Beth Patterson

4.3 Dire Need for New PTSD Pharmacotherapeutics 167
Murray B. Stein

5 Psychological Interventions for Trauma Exposure and PTSD 171
Richard A. Bryant


5.1 Psychological Interventions for PTSD in Children 203
Lucy Berliner

5.2 Challenges in the Dissemination and Implementation of Exposure–Based CBT for the Treatment of Hispanics with PTSD 205
Rafael Kichic, Mildred Vera, and Mar a L. Reyes–Rabanillo

5.3 What Else Do We Need to Know about Evidence–Based Psychological Interventions for PTSD? 208
Karina Lovell

5.4 Another Perspective on Exposure Therapy for PTSD 211
Barbara Olasov Rothbaum

6 (Disaster) Public Mental Health 217
Joop de Jong


6.1 An Excellent Model for Low– and Middle–Income Countries 263
Dean Ajdukovic

6.2 Disaster Mental Health and Public Health: An Integrative Approach to Recovery 266
Suresh Bada Math, Channaveerachari Naveen Kumar and Maria Christine Nirmala

6.3 Transcultural Aspects of Response to Disasters 272
Tarek A. Okasha

6.4 Disaster Public Health: Health Needs, Psychological First Aid and Cultural Awareness 275
Robert J. Ursano, Matthew N. Goldenberg, Derrick Hamaoka and David M. Benedek

Index 281

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Dan J. Stein
Matthew Friedman
Carlos Blanco
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