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Biomechanics in Sport: Performance Enhancement and Injury Prevention. The Encyclopaedia of Sports Medicine

  • ID: 2221471
  • Book
  • 680 Pages
  • John Wiley and Sons Ltd
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Biomechanics is the science of the forces acting on the athlete during training and competition. It underpins the development of effective techniqe, which ultimately improves performance and reduces the risk of injury.

Edited by a leading world authority, Volume IX in the acclaimed Encyclopaedia of Sports Medicine, Biomechanics in Sport is a unique reference containing the contributions of some 37 prominent world experts in their particular research or applied field. Thirty chapters, divided into six parts, cover a broad spectrum of topics:

Part 1: Muscle Action in Sport and Exercise is devoted to general problems of biomechanics of sport athletic movements. Part2: Locomotion describes the following sports: running, cycling, swimming, cross–country skiing, alpine skiing and skating. Part 3: Jumping and Aerial Movement highlights the biomechanics of aerial motion and also addresses high jumping, ski jumping, jumping in figure skating and diving. Part 4: Throwing and hitting explains the basic principles of throwing and the aerodynamic aspects of the flight of projectiles and considers individual sports including shot putting, javelin throwing and hammer throwing. Part 5: Injury Prevention and Rehabilitation addresses the problems that are pertinent to many sports; and finally Part 6: Special Olypic Sports discusses the biomechanics of wheelchair sports and sport for amputees. The biomechanics of many sports including, but not limited to, running, skating, skiing, swimming,jumping in athletics, figure skating, ski jumping, diving, javelin and hammer throwing, shot putting, and striking movements are all explained.

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1 Muscle action in high force contractions.

2 Functional properties and performance in skeletal muscles.

3 Muscle–tendon architecture and athletic performance.

4 Eccentric muscle action in sport and exercise.

5 Stretch–shortening cycle.

6 Biomechanical foundations of strength and power training.



7 Factors affecting preferred rates of movement in cyclic activities.


8 The dynamics of running.


9 Lower extremity function during cycling.


10 Competitive skill: technique, equipment and environmental factors affecting performance.

11 Technique and power production in speed skating.

12 Hydrodynamic resistance and propelling forces in swimming.


13 Mechanical power and propelling efficiency in competitive swimming.




14 Aerial movement.

15 The high jump.

16 Ski jumping.


17 Jumping in figure skating.


18 Springboard and platform diving.



19 Throwing: basic principles.


20 Flight of projectiles in sport.


21 Hammer throwing: problems and prospects.


22 Shot putting.


23 Javelin throwing: an approach toward performance improvement.




24 Mechanisms of musculoskeletal injury.

25 Musculoskeletal loading during landing.

26 Impact propagation and its effects on the human body.


27 Sport related spine injuries and their prevention.

28 Eccentric contraction: applied physiology and mechanics of muscle injury and rehabilitation.



29 Manual wheelchair propulsion.


30 Sport for amputees

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Vladimir Zatsiorsky
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