Written for qualified healthcare professionals with experience of caring for patients with respiratory conditions, Non–Invasive Respiratory Support Techniques: Oxygen Therapy, Non–Invasive Ventilation and CPAP provides a practical guide to oxygen therapy, non–invasive ventilation (NIV) and continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP), clearly defining how and when the various treatments are used and including ideas on developing protocols to support practice.
1 Clinical Management of Respiratory Failure (John Hurst).
What is respiratory failure?
What are the causes of respiratory failure?
The pathophysiology of respiratory failure.
The management of respiratory failure.
Assessment of a patient with respiratory failure.
2 Arterial Blood Gas Analysis (With contribution from Maura McElligott and Sandra Gallacher).
Acid base physiology.
Non–invasive monitoring for respiratory failure.
Invasive monitoring for respiratory failure.
3 Oxygen Therapy.
Hypoxaemic (Type I) respiratory failure.
Hypercapnic (Type II) respiratory failure.
Delivery of supplemental oxygen.
Acute oxygen therapy.
Home oxygen therapy.
Ambulatory oxygen therapy.
Travelling with oxygen.
4 Non–Invasive Ventilation.
Indications: acute use.
Indications: long–term use.
Choosing equipment (interfaces).
Prevention of complications.
5 Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP).
CPAP for the treatment of Type I respiratory failure.
CPAP for the treatment of obstructive sleep apnoea/hypopnoea syndrome.
Other forms of treatment.
6 Setting Up Respiratory Support Services.
Home CPAP for sleep apnoea.
Principle–based approach to ethical decision making.
Acts and omissions.
Legal cases to support decision making.
Professional responsibility in ethical decision making.