Physical dependence and the withdrawal syndrome;.
Types of drug dependence;.
Causes of drug dependence;.
2. Drug dependence in the UK – and elsewhere:;.
Drug dependence in the UK;.
Organisation of treatment services in the UK;.
Sources of epidemiological information;.
The international drug scene;.
Global drug problems;.
3. Drugs of abuse and dependence:;.
Herbal preparations and "natural" medicines;.
The combined use of drugs and alcohol;.
Test of physical dependence on opiates (naloxone hydrochloride);.
Mental state examination;.
Laboratory investigation for drugs;.
Classification of substance–use disorders;.
DSM–IV; 5. General measures of intervention:; Introduction;.
6. Specific methods of treatment:; .
Sedative hypnotic drugs;.
LSD and cannabis;.
Cocaine and amphetamine;.
7. Complications of drug abuse and their treatment:;.
Infective complications of injection;.
8.Special problems:; The pregnant addict;.
The drug–abusing doctor – the "professional" addict;.
Drug–dependent patients on general medical and surgical wards;.
Drug–dependent patients in accident and emergency departments;.
Drug–dependent patients in the general practitioner′s surgery;.
Substance abusers detained in police custody;.
9. Follow–up and treatment outcome:;.
Natural history of drug dependence;.
Outcome of treatment;.
10. Prevention of drug abuse:;.
Reducing the availability of drugs of abuse;.
Reducing the demand for drugs of abuse;.
11. The law and drug–control policy:;.
United Nations drug abuse control organs;.
Control in the UK;.
Appendices: The European Substance Use Database;.
Substance abuse assessment questionnaire;.