The Fetal and Neonatal Pulmonary Circulation. American Heart Association Monograph Series

  • ID: 2223778
  • Book
  • Region: United States
  • 404 Pages
  • John Wiley and Sons Ltd
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Birth is a sudden, traumatic transition of environments. Once the placental oxygen supply ceases, the foetus has only minutes to establish pulmonary oxygen transport, which requires not only inflation of the lungs, but also sudden and sustained changes in the lung circulation. Not long ago, research in this field was largely restricted to morphology and physiology. Now the powerful new tools of cellular and molecular biology have begun to

shed light on the physiological processes in the developing lung and its supporting vasculature.

In 22 chapters, three main sections explore lung growth and development, vascular cell growth and differentiation, and the mechanisms of hemodynamic control in the neonate; extensive illustrations give a comprehensive picture of pulmonary circulatory development. Factors controlling vasculogenesis and angiogenesis are described by the scientists who pioneered the field. Similarly, the intracellular signaling cascades that determine proliferation or growth inhibition of fibroblasts, smooth muscle cells, and endothelial cells are also presented in an understandable manner. Finally, the role of
substances, such as nitric oxide and endothelin, that control the hemodynamics of the fetal and neonatal circulations are discussed in detail, particularly in relation to the changes occurring at birth.

This book will inform basic scientists as well as the clinician and student, and should be of particular interest to pediatric cardiologists, pulmonary medicine physicians, and vascular biologists.

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Preface.

(E.K. Weir, S.L. Archer, J.T. Reeves).

Section I. Lung Growth and Development.

1. The Development of Concepts of the Ontogeny of the Pulmonary Circulation.

(A.M. Rudolph).

2. The de Novo Formation of Blood Vessels in the Early Embryo and in the Developing Lung. (C.J. Drake, C.D. Little).

3. Early Development of the Vascular System of the Mouse Lung: Ontogeny of Endothelial Cell Heterogeneity. (R. Auerbach, O. Mierzoeva, K.C. Meyer).

4. Structural Elements of Human Fetal and Neonatal Lung Vascular Development. (D.E. deMello).

Section II. Vascular Cell Growth and Differentiation.

5. Contribution of the Adventitial Fibroblast to Pulmonary Vascular Disease.

(K.R. Stenmark, M. Das, D. Bouchey, E.C. Dempsey).

6. The Role of Thrombospondins 1 and 2 in Vascular Development.

(L.C. Armstrong, T.R. Kyriakides, P. Bornstein).

7. Elastic Fiber Proteins in Pulmonary Vascular Development.

(J.M.W. Hausladen, R.P. Mecham).

8. Proteolytic Modulation of the Extracellular Matrix. (M. Rabinovitch).

9. Signal Transduction Kinases in the Regulation of Matrix Metalloproteinase–9 Expression in Vascular Smooth Muscle Cells. (A. Cho, M.A. Reidy).

10. Transcription Factors Controlling Cellular Proliferation During Vascular Repair. (R.C. Smith, T. Mano, K. Walsh).

11. Perlecan Heparan Sulfates in the Control of Vascular Smooth Muscle Cell Proliferation. (M.C.M. Weiser–Evans, K.R. Stenmark).

12. B–Myb Represses Collagen Gene Expression in Bovine Vascular Smooth Muscle Cells. (K.E. Kypreos, D.J. Marhamati, M.A. Nugent, G.E. Sonenshein).

13. Mechanical Forces in Vascular Growth and Development. (B.L. Langille).

Section III. Mechanisms of Hemodynamic Control in the Neonate.

14. Lung Arteriolar Endothelial Cell Proliferation at Birth: Possible Roles of Stretch and Hypoxia. (J.T. Reeves).

15. Physiologic Roles of Nitric Oxide in the Perinatal Pulmonary Circulation.

(S.H. Abman, J.P. Kinsella, T.A. Parker, L. Storme, T.D. Le Cras).

16. Regulation of Endothelial Nitric Oxide Synthase Expression in the Developing Lung. (P.W. Shaul).

17. The Role of Endothelin in Perinatal Pulmonary Vasoregulation.

(D.D. Ivy, S.H. Abman).

18. O2–Sensitive K+ Channel Activity in the Ovine Pulmonary Circulation Shifts with Maturation. (D.N. Cornfield, H.L. Reeve, E.K. Weir).

19. Regulation of Ion Channels in the Ductus Arteriosus. (H.L. Reeve, E.K. Weir).

20. Cytochrome P450 in the Contractile Tone of the Ductus Arteriosus: Regulatory and Effector Mechanisms. (F. Coceani).

21. Maturational Changes in the Human Pulmonary Vascular Resistance.

(J.C. Huhta, J. Rasanen).

22. The Pulmonary Vasculature in Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia.

(R. Tibboel, S.M.K. Shehata, A.H. Guldemeester).

Index.

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E. Kenneth Weir
Stephen L. Archer MD
John T. Reeves
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