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Managing, Controlling, and Improving Quality

  • ID: 2239679
  • Book
  • April 2010
  • 520 Pages
  • John Wiley and Sons Ltd
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This book presents an organized approach to quality management, control, and improvement. Because quality problems usually are the outcome of uncontrolled or excessive variability, statistical tools and other analytical methods play an important role in solving these problems. However, these techniques need to be implemented within a management structure that will ensure success. This text focuses on both the management structure and the statistical and analytical tools. It organizes and presents this material according to many years of teaching, research, and professional practice across a wide range of business and industrial settings.
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Chapter 1. Introduction to Quality.

1.1 The Meaning of Quality and Quality Improvement.

1.2 A Brief History of Quality Control and Improvement.

1.3 Statistical Methods for Quality Control and Improvement.

1.4 Quality and Productivity.

1.5 Quality Costs.

1.6 Legal Aspects of quality.

1.7 Implementing Quality Improvement.

Chapter 2. Management Aspects of Quality.

2.1 Introduction.

2.2 Quality Philosophy and Management Strategies.

2.3 The DMAIC Process.

Chapter 3. Tools and Techniques for Quality Control and Improvement.

3.1 Introduction.

3.2 Chance and Assignable Causes of Quality Variation.

3.3 The Control Chart.

3.4 The Rest of the Magnificent Seven.

3.5 Implementing SPC in a Quality Improvement Program.

3.6 An Application of SPC.

3.7 Applications of Quality Process and Quality Improvement Tools in Transactional

and Service Businesses.

Chapter 4. Statistical Inference about Product and Process Quality.

4.1 Describing Variation.

4.2 Probability Distributions.

4.3 The Normal Distribution.

4.4 Statistical Inference.

4.5 Statistical Inference for a Single Sample.

4.6 Statistical Inference for Two

Chapter 5. Control Charts for Variables.

5.1 Introduction.

5.2 and R x Charts.

5.3 and S Charts.

5.4 Shewart Control Chart for Individual Measurements.

5.5 Summary of Procedures for , R, S, and Individuals Charts.

5.6 Example Applications of , R, S, and Individuals Charts.

5.7 Cumulative Sum Control Charts.

5.8 Exponentially Weighted Moving Average Control Charts.

5.9 Process Capability Analysis Using Control Charts.

Chapter 6. Control Charts for Attributes.

6.1 Introduction.

6.2 The Control Chart for Fraction Nonconforming.

6.3 Control Charts for Nonconformities (Defects).

6.4 Choice between Attributes and Variables Control Charts.

6.5 Guidelines for Implementing Control Charts.

Chapter 7. Lot–by–Lot Acceptance Sampling Procedures.

7.1 The Acceptance Sampling Problem.

7.2 Single–Sampling Plans for Attributes.

7.3 Double, Multiple, and Sequential Sampling.

7.4 Military Standard 105E (ANSI/ASQC Z1.4, ISO 2859).

7.5 The Dodge Romig Sampling Plans.

7.6 Military Standard 414 (ANSI/ASQ Z1.9).

7.7 Chain Sampling.

7.8 Continuous Sampling.

7.9 Skip–Lot Sampling Plans.

Chapter 8. Process Design and Improvement with Designed Experiments.

8.1 What Is Experimental Design?

8.2 Examples of Designed Experiments in Process and Product Improvement.

8.3 Guidelines for Designing Experiments.

8.4 The Analysis of Variance.

8.5 Factorial Experiments.

8.6 The 2k Factorial Design.

8.7 Fractional Replication of the 2k Design.

8.8 Response Surface Methods.

8.9 Robust Product and Process Design.

Chapter 9. Reliability.

9.1 Basic Concepts of Reliability.

9.2 Life Distributions.

9.3 Instantaneous Failure Rate.

9.4 Life Cycle Reliability.

9.5 Determining System Reliability from Component Reliabilities.

9.6 Life Testing and Reliability Estimation.

9.7 Availability and Maintainability.

9.8 Failure Mode and Effects Analysis.




A. I Summary of Common Probability Distribution Cities Used in Quality Control and Improvement.

A. II Cumulative Standard Normal Distribution.

A. III Percentage Points of the Distribution.

A. IV Percentage Points of the t Distribution.

A. V Percentage Points of the F Distribution.

A. VI Factors for Constructing Variables Control Charts.

Answers to Selected Exercises.


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Douglas C. Montgomery
Cheryl L. Jennings
Michele E. Pfund
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