Gail W. Sevier, Member/Manager Marrs, Sevier & Company, LLC
A one–stop reference to cost accounting
A controller′s job is multifaceted. But in order to do all aspects of the job effectively, a controller needs to have in–depth knowledge of the very core of the job: the company′s cost structure. Enlightening controllers on the numerous, diverse costing methodologies, Controller′s Guide to Costing provides a comprehensive resource on all issues relating to cost accounting.
Written in an easy–to–understand language from one controller to another Controller′s Guide to Costing details the aspects of creating costing systems, how cost accounting systems work, how to interpret the results, and how the resulting information can be used. This complete overview also covers application, implementation, reporting, pitfalls to avoid, and the impact on reported financial results, as well as case studies to further explain concepts wherever necessary.
Controller′s Guide to Costing provides controllers, treasurers, accounting and financial analysis personnel, and auditors with a one–stop source to all their cost accounting questions.
About the Author.
1 Job Costing.
Nature of Job Costing.
Advantages and Disadvantages of Job Costing.
Job Costing Data Flow.
Control Point Issues.
2 Process Costing.
Nature of Process Costing.
Process Costing Data Flow, Weighted Average Method.
Process Costing Data Flow, Standard Costing Method.
Process Costing Data Flow, the FIFO Method.
Advantages and Disadvantages of Process Costing.
3 Direct Costing.
Definition of Direct Costing.
Uses of Direct Costing.
Problems with Direct Costing.
Using Direct Costing for Cost Control.
Impact of Direct Costing on Reported Financial Results.
Impact of Direct Costing on Inventory Valuation.
4 Standard Costing.
Purpose of Standard Costs.
Problems with Standard Costs.
Formulation of Standard Costs.
Standard Costs for Pricing.
Standard Costs for Budgeting.
Standard Costs for Inventory.
Standard Cost Entry.
5 LIFO, FIFO, and Average Costing.
Last–In First–Out Method.
First–In First–Out Method.
Average Costing Method.
6 Throughput Costing.
Throughput Accounting and Volume Purchasing Decisions.
Throughput Accounting and Capital Budgeting Decisions.
Throughput Accounting and Outsourcing Decisions.
Throughput Accounting and Unprofitable Products.
Throughput and Traditional Accounting Compared.
Problems with the Throughput Model.
Reporting with the Throughput Model.
Systemic Changes Required for Acceptance of the Throughput Model.
7 Joint and By–Product Costing.
Nature of Joint Costs.
Reasoning Behind Joint and By–Product Costing.
Joint Cost Allocation Methods.
Pricing of Joint Products and By–Products.
8 Activity–Based Costing.
Shortcomings of Traditional Cost Allocation Systems.
Overview of Activity–Based Costing.
Problems with Activity–Based Costing.
Implementing an Activity–Based Costing System.
Bill of Activities.
Uses of Activity–Based Costing.
Role of the Cost Accountant in an ABC System.
9 Target Costing.
Description of Target Costing.
Problems with Target Costing.
Cost Accountant s Role in a Target Costing Environment.
Impact of Target Costing on Profitability.
Target Costing Data Flow.
Most Useful Situations for Target Costing.
Target Costing Control Points.
Implementing a Target Costing System.
10 Costing Systems Summary.
Brief Review of Costing Systems.
Applications of Costing Systems.