Community colleges are the only sector of public, nonprofit postsecondary education in the United states where part–time faculty outnumber full–time faculty. This has significant implication for community college administrators who are responsible for recruiting, hiring, and supporting part–time faculty; for college, district, and state leaders who help set policies regarding the use of part–timers; and for all part–time faculty who seek to receive equitable treatment as they strive to enhance the quality of education for community college students.
This is the 140th volume of the Jossey–Bass quarterly report series New Directions for Community Colleges. Essential to the professional libraries of presidents, vice presidents, deans, and other leaders in today′s open–door institutions, New Directions for Community Colleges provides expert guidance in meeting the challenges of their distinctive and expanding educational mission.
1. A National Picture of Part–Time Community College Faculty: Changing Trends in Demographics and Employment Characteristics (Kevin Eagan)
This chapter provides a descriptive analysis of the demographic, employment, and attitudinal similarities and differences found among part– and full–time faculty at community colleges.
2. Multiple Judgments: Institutional Context and Part–Time Faculty (John S. Levin)
Part–time faculty are best understood as extensions of institutional identity. In the twenty–first century, the identity of community colleges makes part–time faculty central to the organization s goals.
3. Globalization, the New Economy, and Part–Time Faculty (Richard L. Wagoner)
This chapter analyzes data from the 1999 National Study of Postsecondary Faculty to suggest that community college part–time faculty can be understood as temporary labor in the New Economy.
4. Adjunct Faculty and the Continuing Quest for Quality (Donald W. Green)
This chapter addresses the use of adjunct faculty in community colleges. It examines issues of finding, hiring, orienting, evaluating, and developing adjuncts and stresses critical areas of ensuring quality and maintaining institutional standards.
5. Part–Time Faculty in California: Successes, Challenges, and Future Issues (Robert B. Yoshioka)
This chapter highlights some issues that are being addressed, discussed, and analyzed by part–time faculty in the California Community College system.
6. The Stone That Struck Goliath: The Part–Time Faculty Association, Washington State Community and Technical Colleges, and Class–Action Lawsuits (Eddy A. Ruiz)
This chapter explores recent legal challenges and victories brought forth by part–time community college faculty in Washington State in an effort to attain equity and social justice.
7. A Systems Approach to Strategic Success with Adjunct Faculty (Vernon C. Smith)
Rio Salado is a nontraditional community college that is highly integrated in the global economy. This chapter describes the Rio Salado College systems approach, which relies almost exclusively on adjunct faculty to accomplish its mission, vision, and purposes.
8. Part–Time Faculty and Professional Development: Notes from the Field (Desna L. Wallin)
As community colleges become dependent on a contingent workforce, the recruitment, retention, and motivation of quality part–time faculty become an institutional priority. This chapter presents an overview of the practices of three exemplary colleges in providing innovative professional development for part–time faculty.
9. Part–Time Faculty Satisfaction Across Missions and Disciplines (Richard L. Wagoner)
This chapter explores community college faculty satisfaction related to four specific variables.
10. Sources and Information: Community Colleges and Part–Time Faculty (Amy Liu)
This chapter summarizes resources from the recent literature on parttime community college faculty.