1. Courage: the daring of Ramesses II at Kadesh.
2. Risk taking: Thutmose III’s handling of his forces.
3. The ability to motivate: the military revolution of Wuling.
4. Creating a compelling vision: the commoner emperor Liu Bang.
5. Developing people: the Han emperor Wu Di’s approach.
6. Focusing on results: the strategy of Themistocles.
7. Integrity: the political supremacy of Pericles.
8. Taking decisive action: the critical decisions of Epaminondas.
9. Influencing people: Alexander’s multi-ethnic kingdom.
10. Leaving a legacy: the abdication of Candragupta.
11. Representing the business: Hannibal’s invasion of Italy.
12. Creativity: the resourcefulness of Zhu Geliang.
13. Learning: Li Shimin and Wei Zheng.
14. Change: Sulla’s constitutional reforms.
15. Networking: Cicero’s efforts to find allies.
16. Dealing with conflict: the policies of Vespasian.
17. Empowerment: Diocletian’s imperial reforms.
18. Recognising achievement: the triumph of Belisarius.
19. Leadership gambles: shifting the odds in your favour.
Suggestions for further reading.