The chapters in this issue can be read as loosely interconnected and building on one another. They include an historic overview of grant–making and grant–seeking; views of governance and how mission can be attained through talented grantsmanship; an examination of the principles and practices for effective grantmaking from the Council on Foundations membership in the council; and the benefits of self–evaluation as it has been applied at the David and Lucile Packard Foundation as a way to increase transparency, accessibility, and accountability.
Other chapters look at the process from knowledge management to knowledge builing; development of a common language and performance standards for private foundations; foundation ethics, the growth of the online sector of philanthropy, and philanthropic choice and donor intent.
This is the 45th issue of the quarterly series New Directions for Philanthropic Fundraising.
1. Foundations in time: Where are we now? (James Allen Smith)
A full century of philanthropic experience provides a clear perspective on forces that shape the future of foundations.
2. Self–evaluation (Colburn S. Wilbur)
Periodic self–evaluation can renew the vitality of any foundation.
3. Grantee relations: How can foundations and grantees be partners for sustained social change? (Gwen I. Walden)
Foundations and grantees are reexamining their traditional relationships and forming new types of partnerships.
4. What foundations need to know and why (Alexa Cortes Culwell, Gale Berkowitz, Ann M. Christen)
Foundations are becoming more knowledgeable about their programs in the service of genuine social change.
5. From knowledge management to knowledge building: An essential foundation journey (Lisbeth B. Schorr)
Foundations can equip grantees and policymakers with actionable information that enables them to be more effective.
6. How a common language and consistent financial reporting practices could enhance the sector (La June Montgomery–Talley, William C. Richardson)
A common language and performance standards for private foundations would improve transparency and accountability.
7. Foundation codes of ethics: Why do they matter, what are they, and how are they relevant to philanthropy? (Rushworth M. Kidder)
A code of ethics has become a necessary tool for managing philanthropy s toughest choices.
8. De Tocqueville meets eBay: Giving, volunteering, and doing good in the new social sector (Marcia Sharp)
The electronic marketplace challenges the dominance and operating styles of organized philanthropy.
9. Philanthropic choice and donor intent: Freedom, responsibility, and public interest (Curtis W. Meadows Jr.)
Ensuring adherence to donor intention requires thought, planning, and donor effort, as well as fidelity of the trustees.