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A Companion to Biological Anthropology. Wiley Blackwell Companions to Anthropology

  • ID: 2245956
  • Book
  • April 2010
  • 588 Pages
  • John Wiley and Sons Ltd
A Companion to Biological Anthropology provides an extensive overview of the rapidly growing field of biological anthropology. Chapters are written by leading authorities who have themselves played a major role in shaping the direction and scope of the discipline. Each contribution provides comprehensive discussions of current issues, as well as considering controversies and future directions within the field.

A Companion to Biological Anthropology opens with an in–depth overview of the beginnings of biological anthropology, followed by analysis of all major areas of investigation, including the evolutionary biology of the human species, the fossil record, genetics of individuals and of populations, our primate relatives, human adaptation and variation, human behavior, and forensic anthropology. Authors present thorough assessments of the many recent innovations and discoveries that are transforming the field. The result is a volume that provides a highly authoritative guide for professional biological anthropologists, human biologists, and medical and forensic specialists, as well as an accessible reference work for students seeking to learn more about this exciting field.

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List of Illustrations x

List of Tables xvi

Notes on Contributors xvii

Acknowledgments xxv

Introduction 1

Part I History 11

1 History of Biological Anthropology 13
Michael A. Little and Robert W. Sussman

Part II The Present and the Living 39

2 Evolution: What It Means and How We Know 41
Kenneth M. Weiss and Anne V. Buchanan

3 Systematics, Taxonomy, and Phylogenetics: Ordering Life, Past and Present 56
Bernard A. Wood

4 The Study of Human Population Genetics 74
John H. Relethford

5 Human Molecular Genetics: The DNA Revolution and Variation 88
Dennis H. O Rourke

6 Deconstructing Race: Racial Thinking, Geographic Variation, and Implications for Biological Anthropology 104
Rachel Caspari

7 Growth, Development, Senescence, and Aging: A Life History Perspective 124
Douglas E. Crews and Barry Bogin

8 Climate–Related Morphological Variation and Physiological Adaptations in Homo sapiens 153
Gary D. James

9 Emerging Themes in Anthropology and Epidemiology: Geographic Spread, Evolving Pathogens, and Syndemics 167
Lisa Sattenspiel and D. Ann Herring

10 Demographic Estimation: Indirect Techniques for Anthropological Populations 179
Timothy B. Gage

11 Nutrition, Health, and Function 194
Darna L. Dufour

12 Ongoing Evolution in Humans 207
Lorena Madrigal and Jessica Willoughby

13 Primates Defined 222
W. Scott McGraw

14 Primate Behavior and Sociality 243
Karen B. Strier

15 Evolution of the Brain, Cognition, and Speech 258
Dean Falk

Part III The Past and the Dead 273

16 Primate Origins: The Early Cenozoic Fossil Record 275
Gregg F. Gunnell and Mary T. Silcox

17 Catarrhine Cousins: The Origin and Evolution of Monkeys and Apes of the Old World 295
David R. Begun

18 The Earliest Hominins 314
Scott W. Simpson

19 Origins, Evolution, and Dispersal of Early Members of the Genus Homo 341
G. Philip Rightmire

20 Species, Populations, and Assimilation in Later Human Evolution 357
Fred H. Smith

21 Bioarchaeology: Health, Lifestyle, and Society in Recent Human Evolution 379
Clark Spencer Larsen and Phillip L. Walker

22 Paleopathology: A Contemporary Perspective 395
Jane E. Buikstra

23 Issues in Forensic Anthropology 412
Douglas H. Ubelaker

24 Paleogenetics: Ancient DNA in Anthropology 427
Frederika A. Kaestle

Part IV The Living and the Dead 443

25 Diet Reconstruction and Ecology Using Stable Isotope Ratios 445
Margaret J. Schoeninger

26 Current Concepts in Bone Biology 465
James H. Gosman and Samuel D. Stout

27 Growing Planes : Incremental Growth Layers in the Dental Enamel of Human Ancestors 485
Debbie Guatelli–Steinberg

28 Understanding Skull Function from a Mechanobiological Perspective 501
David J. Daegling

29 Tooth Form and Function in Biological Anthropology 516
Peter S. Ungar and Peter W. Lucas

30 Locomotor Function across Primates (Including Humans) 530
Daniel L. Gebo

Part V Science and Education 545

31 Science Education and Physical Anthropology 547
Martin K. Nickels

Index 561

Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown
Clark Spencer Larsen
Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown