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Beginning HTML and CSS

  • ID: 2246133
  • Book
  • March 2013
  • 672 Pages
  • John Wiley and Sons Ltd
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Build a website with the core programming languages: HTML and CSS

HTML and CSS are the two core programming languages that you need to know in order to build web pages, and this beginner book introduces you to both. Providing step–by–step guidance on best practices and techniques, this practical reference walks you through the latest versions of HTML and CSS to develop unique, modern websites for today′s multiple devices and platforms. Covering everything from structuring documents for the web and fine–tuning your text to linking to other web pages or e–mail addresses and using images, audio, video, and tables this book covers it all.

Beginning HTML and CSS:

  • Covers different versions of HTML and CSS, including the latest: HTML5 and CSS3
  • Gets you started programming with JavaScript® and explains how to implement JavaScript features, such as tabbed content, form validation, and more
  • Addresses animations and transitions with CSS3
  • Explores the jQuery library as well as creating, adding, and manipulating elements with jQuery
  • Looks at page layout and design, in particular topics such as positioning, forms, and custom fonts


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Introduction xxxiii

Chapter 1: Structuring Documents for the Web 1

A Web of Structured Documents 1

Introducing HTML5 2

Attribute Groups 9

Core Elements 13

Basic Text Formatting 17

Understanding Block and Inline Elements 24

Grouping Content 25

Working with Lists 30

Summary 35

Chapter 2: Fine–tuning Your Text 39

Elements That Describe Text–Level Semantics 39

Editing Text 49

Using Character Entities for Special Characters 51

Comments 51

Summary 52

Chapter 3: Links and Navigation 55

Basic Links 56

Understanding Directories and Directory Structures 60

Understanding URLs 61

Creating In–Page Links with the Element 65

Advanced E mail Links 74

Summary 75

Chapter 4: Images, Audio, and Video 79

Adding Images Using the Element 80

Using Images as Links 84

Choosing the Right Image Format 85

Adding Flash, Video, and Audio to Your Web Pages 95

Summary 106

Chapter 5: Tables 111

Introducing Tables 111

Basic Table Elements and Attributes 118

Adding a Caption to a Table 122

Grouping Sections of a Table 123

Nested Tables 129

Accessible Tables 130

Summary 135

Chapter 6: Forms 139

Introducing Forms 140

Creating a Form with the Element 143

Form Controls 145

Creating a Contact Form 172

Creating Labels for Controls and the Element 174

Structuring Your Forms with and Elements 176

Focus 177

Disabled and Read–Only Controls 181

Sending Form Data to the Server 183

Creating More Usable Form Fields 185

Summary 187

Chapter 7: Cascading Style Sheets 191

Introducing CSS 192

Where You Can Add CSS Rules 197

CSS Properties 201

Controlling Text 203

Text Formatting 210

Text Pseudo–Classes 220

Styling Text 221

Selectors 224

Lengths 231

Introducing the Box Model 233

Creating a Style Sheet for Code 248

Summary 252

Chapter 8: More Cascading Styl e Sheets 257

Links 258

Backgrounds 259

Lists 267

Tables 271

Outlines 280

The :focus and :active Pseudo–Classes 282

Generated Content 283

Miscellaneous Properties 288

Additional Rules 291

Positioning and Layout with CSS 293

Summary 308

Chapter 9: Rounded Corners, Animations, Custom Fonts, and More with CSS 3 311

The Modular Approach of CSS3 312

Mature CSS3 Modules 312

New and In–Development Modules 326

Summary 336

Chapter 10: Learning JavaScript 339

What Is Programming About? 340

How to Add a Script to Your Pages 343

Create an External JavaScript 345

The Document Object Model 346

Starting to Program with JavaScript 347

Variables 349

Operators 351

Functions 354

Conditional Statements 357

Looping 360

Events 363

Built–in Objects 364

Writing JavaScript 377

Summary 380

Chapter 11: Working with jQuery 383

Why jQuery? 384

Adding jQuery to Your Page 384

jQuery Basics 386

jQuery and the DOM 387

Managing Events with jQuery 397

Summary 403

Chapter 12: jQuery: Beyond the Basics 407

Ajax with jQuery 407

jQuery UI 420

Summary 433

Chapter 13: Checklists 437

Search Engine Optimization Checklist 437

Accessibility Checklist 441

Appendix A: Answers to Exercises 447

Appendix B: HTM L Element Reference 475

Appendix C: CSS Properties 515

Appendix D: Color Names and Values 551

Appendix E: Character Encodings 561

Appendix F: Special Characters 565

Appendix G: Language Codes 577

Appendix H: MIME Media Types 583

Appendix I: Changes between HTM L4 and HTM L5 595

Index 603
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Rob Larsen
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