Despite its widespread diffusion as a conscious movement around the world, we still understand little about nonviolence as a technique for social change. This volume seeks to provide an understanding of the extent to which organized nonviolent action can be used to replace violent struggle and the conditions under which it can succeed. Nonviolent Social Movements brings together case studies from around the world to demonstrate how nonviolent action works and what possibilities and limitations it holds for achieving social change and deterring aggressors.
Notes on Editors and Contributors.
PART I. PERSPECTIVES ON NONVIOLENT MOVEMENTS.
1. Nonviolence and Power in the Twentieth Century (Kenneth E. Boulding).
2. You Can’t Kill the Spirit: Women and Nonviolent Action (Pam McAllister).
PART II. THE MIDDLE EAST.
3. Unarmed Resistance in the Middle East and North Africa (Stephen Zunes).
4. Nonviolent Resistance in the Occupied Territories: A Critical Reevaluation (Souad Dajani).
PART III. EUROPE.
5. The Grassroots Movement in Germany, 1972–1985 (Matthew Lyons).
6. "We Have Bare Hands": Nonviolent Social Movements in the Soviet Bloc (Lee Smithey and Lester R. Kurtz).
PART IV. ASIA.
7. The Origins of People Power in the Philippines (Stephen Zunes).
8. Imagery in the 1992 Nonviolent Uprising in Thailand (Chaiwat Satha–Anand).
9. Violent and Nonviolent Struggle in Burma: Is a Unified Strategy Workable (Michael A. Beer).
PART V. AFRICA.
10. The Ogoni Struggle for Human Rights and a Civil Society in Nigeria (Joshua Cooper).
11. The Role of Nonviolence in the Downfall of Apartheid (Stephen Zunes).
PART VI. LATIN AMERICA.
12. Advocating Nonviolent Direct Action In Latin America: The Antecedents and Emergence of SERPAJ (Ronald Pagnucco and John D. McCarthy).
13. The Brazilian Church–State Crisis of 1980: Effective Nonviolent Action in a Military Dictatorship (Daniel Zirker).
PART VII. NORTH AMERICA.
14. Nonviolent Social Movements in the United States: A Historical Overview (Charles Chatfield).
Conclusion (Stephen Zunes and Lester R. Kurtz).