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Annals of Anthropological Practice. Challenges and Solutions HIV / AIDS and Food Insecurity in sub–Saharan Africa. Volume 35, Issue 1. NAPA Bulletin

  • ID: 2246866
  • Book
  • October 2011
  • Region: Africa
  • 244 Pages
  • John Wiley and Sons Ltd

In resource–poor countries affected by the HIV/AIDS pandemic, there is a great need to support traditional HIV/AIDS prevention strategies, access to treatment, and mechanisms to enhance livelihoods and coping mechanisms. At the same time, policies and programs must be developed as solutions that are focused on reducing stigmatization, decreasing vertical transmission, improving food and nutrition security, and reducing barriers to basic healthcare. The co–occurrence of HIV/AIDS and food insecurity underscores the challenges and role that structural inequalities and poverty play in the spread of infectious diseases. This collection of 14 chapters brings together a wide array of applied anthropologists, other social scientists, and practitioners to detail the ways in which public health measures can be effectively integrated with HIV/AIDS prevention, anti–retroviral treatment, and food security efforts in sub–Saharan Africa. Some of the specific questions addressed throughout the volume include the following. What have anthropologists learned about the relationship between food insecurity and HIV risk behaviors? How do we design programs that effectively address the problem of AIDS stigmatization? What role do anthropologists have in integrating the development of HIV/AIDS and food security policy and programming? The design and promotion of best practices that incorporate culturally, economically, and politically appropriate solutions are highlighted throughout the volume as case studies in applied anthropology.

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1. Introduction: Anthropologists Confront HIV/AIDS and Food Insecurity in sub–Saharan Africa

John Mazzeo, Alexander Rödlach, and Barrett P. Brenton

2. Toward a Critical Biosocial Model of Ecohealth in Southern Africa: The HIV/AIDS and Nutrition Insecurity Syndemic
Merrill Singer

3.  Food Insecurity and Maternal–to–Child Transmission of HIV and AIDS in sub–Saharan Africa
Daniel W. Sellen and Craig Hadley

4. Safe Infant Feeding in Lesotho in the Era of HIV/AIDS
Lena Kroeker and Alyx Beckwith

5. If I Take My Pills I ll Go Hungry : The Choice between Economic Security and HIV/AIDS Treatment in Grahamstown, South Africa
Chaunetta Jones

6. Poverty, Nutrition, and a Cultural Model of Managing HIV/AIDS among Women in Nairobi, Kenya
Toni J. Copeland

7. Cycles of Poverty, Food Insecurity, and Psychosocial Stress among AIDS–Care Volunteers in Urban Ethiopia
Kenneth Maes and Selamawit Shifferaw

8. Complexities of the Transactional Sex Model: Nonproviding Men, Self–Providing Women, and HIV Risk in Rural Malawi
Janneke Verheijen

9. Livelihood Demands and the Spread of Aids: The case of Malawi
Mike Njalayawo Mtika

10. Twelve Years on : HIV and AIDS and Livelihoods in Zambia
Fiona Samuels and Michael Drinkwater

11. The Double Threat of HIV/AIDS and Drought on Rural Household Food Security in Southeastern Zimbabwe
John Mazzeo

12. Contested Strategies for Defining and Confronting Food Insecurity and HIV/AIDS in Zambia: Rejection of GM Food Aid during the 2002 03 Food Crisis
Barrett P. Brenton

13. Food, Health, Development, and HIV/AIDS in a Remote Area of Southern Africa
Robert K. Hitchcock and Wayne A. Babchuk

14. Aids is in the Food : Zimbabweans Association between Nutrition and HIV/AIDS and their Potential for Addressing Food Insecurity and HIV/AIDS
Alexander Rödlach

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Barrett P. Brenton
John Mazzeo
Alexander Rodlach
Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown