In resource–poor countries affected by the HIV/AIDS pandemic, there is a great need to support traditional HIV/AIDS prevention strategies, access to treatment, and mechanisms to enhance livelihoods and coping mechanisms. At the same time, policies and programs must be developed as solutions that are focused on reducing stigmatization, decreasing vertical transmission, improving food and nutrition security, and reducing barriers to basic healthcare. The co–occurrence of HIV/AIDS and food insecurity underscores the challenges and role that structural inequalities and poverty play in the spread of infectious diseases. This collection of 14 chapters brings together a wide array of applied anthropologists, other social scientists, and practitioners to detail the ways in which public health measures can be effectively integrated with HIV/AIDS prevention, anti–retroviral treatment, and food security efforts in sub–Saharan Africa. Some of the specific questions addressed throughout the volume include the following. What have anthropologists learned about the relationship between food insecurity and HIV risk behaviors? How do we design programs that effectively address the problem of AIDS stigmatization? What role do anthropologists have in integrating the development of HIV/AIDS and food security policy and programming? The design and promotion of best practices that incorporate culturally, economically, and politically appropriate solutions are highlighted throughout the volume as case studies in applied anthropology.
2. Toward a Critical Biosocial Model of Ecohealth in Southern Africa: The HIV/AIDS and Nutrition Insecurity SyndemicMerrill Singer
3. Food Insecurity and Maternal–to–Child Transmission of HIV and AIDS in sub–Saharan AfricaDaniel W. Sellen and Craig Hadley
4. Safe Infant Feeding in Lesotho in the Era of HIV/AIDSLena Kroeker and Alyx Beckwith
5. If I Take My Pills I ll Go Hungry : The Choice between Economic Security and HIV/AIDS Treatment in Grahamstown, South AfricaChaunetta Jones
6. Poverty, Nutrition, and a Cultural Model of Managing HIV/AIDS among Women in Nairobi, KenyaToni J. Copeland
7. Cycles of Poverty, Food Insecurity, and Psychosocial Stress among AIDS–Care Volunteers in Urban EthiopiaKenneth Maes and Selamawit Shifferaw
8. Complexities of the Transactional Sex Model: Nonproviding Men, Self–Providing Women, and HIV Risk in Rural MalawiJanneke Verheijen
9. Livelihood Demands and the Spread of Aids: The case of MalawiMike Njalayawo Mtika
10. Twelve Years on : HIV and AIDS and Livelihoods in ZambiaFiona Samuels and Michael Drinkwater
11. The Double Threat of HIV/AIDS and Drought on Rural Household Food Security in Southeastern ZimbabweJohn Mazzeo
12. Contested Strategies for Defining and Confronting Food Insecurity and HIV/AIDS in Zambia: Rejection of GM Food Aid during the 2002 03 Food CrisisBarrett P. Brenton
13. Food, Health, Development, and HIV/AIDS in a Remote Area of Southern AfricaRobert K. Hitchcock and Wayne A. Babchuk
14. Aids is in the Food : Zimbabweans Association between Nutrition and HIV/AIDS and their Potential for Addressing Food Insecurity and HIV/AIDSAlexander Rödlach
Barrett P. Brenton is an associate professor of anthropology and associate director of the Center for Global Development at St. John s University in New York. As a nutritional anthropologist he has conducted fieldwork in Peru, Ecuador, Kenya, Zambia, South Africa, and in Native American communities across the U.S. His research interests include the paradox of childhood hunger and obesity, HIV/AIDS and food insecurity, and food policy related to the use of genetically modified organisms in sub–Saharan Africa. For nearly 10 years he was co–editor of the international journal Ecology of Food and Nutrition.
John Mazzeo is an assistant professor of anthropology and is affiliated with the Masters in Public Health Program at DePaul University. His research interests include livelihood systems, food security, health and HIV/AIDS and he has conducted fieldwork in Zimbabwe, Haiti and the Bahamas. He work in Zimbabwe, between 2004 and 2006, examined the coping strategies of rural households to the HIV/AIDS epidemic.
Alexander Rödlach is an assistant professor in anthropology and psychiatry at Creighton University in Omaha. He studies how cultural understandings of diseases, particularly HIV/AIDS in Zimbabwe, shape perceptions of and access to health services. Further, he explores the health needs of migrants and refugees, especially Guatemalan Mayans living in Omaha. In addition, he assists a non–profit organization assessing the long–term impact of their services provided to refugees. He is the author of "Witches, Westerners, and HIV." His most recent publication is "Religious Institutions and Volunteering to Provide Care to People Living with HIV and AIDS in Zimbabwe."