- Introduces connectionist models as tools that are both synthetic and representational and which can be used as the basis for conducting synthetic psychology.
- Includes distinctively varied account of modeling, historical overview of the synthetic approach, and unique perspectives on connectionism.
- Investigates basic properties of connectionism in the context of synthetic psychology, including detailed accounts of how the internal structure can be interpreted.
- Provides supplementary material online at [external URL] which includes free software for conducting connectionist simulations and instructions for building simple robots.
List of Tables.
1. The Kids in the Hall.
Synthetic Versus Analytic Traditions. .
2. Advantages and Disadvantages of Modeling.
What Is A Model?.
Advantages and Disadvantages of Models. .
3. Models of Data.
An Example of a Model of Data.
Properties of Models of Data. .
4. Mathematical Models.
An Example Mathematical Model.
Mathematical Models vs. Models of Data. .
5. Computer Simulations.
A Sample Computer Simulation.
Properties of Computer Simulations. .
6. First Steps Toward Synthetic Psychology.
Building a Thoughtless Walker.
Step 1: Synthesis.
Step 2: Emergence.
Step 3: Analysis.
Issues Concerning Synthetic Psychology. .
7. Uphill Analysis, Downhill Synthesis.
From Homeostats to Tortoises.
Synthesis and Emergence: Some Modern Examples.
The Law of Uphill Analysis and Downhill Synthesis. .
8. Connectionism As Synthetic Psychology.
Beyond Sensory Reflexes.
Connectionism, Synthesis, and Representation.
Summary and Conclusions. .
9. Building Associations.
From Associationism To Connectionism.
Building An Associative Memory.
Beyond the Limitations of Hebb Learning.
Associative Memory and Synthetic Psychology. .
10. Making Decisions.
The Limits of Linearity.
A Fundamental Nonlinearity.
Building a Perceptron: A Nonlinear Associative Memory.
The Psychology of Perceptrons.
The Need for Layers. .
11. Sequences of Decisions.
The Logic of Layers.
Training Multilayered Networks.
A Simple Case Study: Exclusive Or.
A Second Case Study: Classifying Musical Chords.
A Third Case Study: From Connectionism to Selectionism. .
12. From Synthesis To Analysis.
Representing Musical Chords in a Pdp Network.
Interpreting the Internal Structure of Value Unit Networks.
Network Interpretation and Synthetic Psychology. .
13. From Here To Synthetic Psychology.