It reveals how teaching, learning, and pedagogic discourse are shaped not just by the decisions of the teacher but also by school values and organization, by local pressures, national policy, and the balance of political control, by the tensions and ambiguities of the democratic ideal, and by culture and history.
Winner of the American Educational Research Association Outstanding Book Award and the Society for Educational Studies Best Book Award.
List of Figures.
List of Tables.
Part I: Settings:.
1. The Comparative Context.
Part II: Systems, Policies and Histories:.
2. Primary Education in France.
3. Primary Education in Russia.
4. Primary Education in India.
5. Primary Education in the United States of America.
6. Primary Education in England.
7. Primary Education and the State.
Part III: Schools:.
8. Buildings and People.
9. The Idea of a School.
10. Beyond the Gates.
Part IV: Classrooms:.
11. Comparing Teaching.
12. Lesson Structure and Form.
13. Organisation, Task and Activity.
14. Judgement, Routine, Rule and Ritual.
15. Interaction, Time and Pace.
16. Learning Discourse.
Part V: Reflections:.
17. Culture and Pedagogy.