Reading and Understanding. An Introduction to the Psychology of Reading

  • ID: 2248473
  • Book
  • 260 Pages
  • John Wiley and Sons Ltd
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Reading and Understanding presents a review of current thinking about the psychology of reading, introducing the nature of problems facing the reader who is to extract meaningful information from printed symbols. It is suitable for use as an advanced text for psychology, education and linguistics students.

The volume includes a description of text and of the cognitive processes and changes necessary for transforming visible characters into meanings, and introduces the notion of the "computational problem" facing the skilled reader – what kinds of information are available, and what are the processes necessary for recovering that information? It also deals with the development of reading skills in readers of differing ability, including development dyslexics, poor readers, skilled readers and speed readers.

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Preface.

1. Reading as Skilled Information Processing. Information and Knowledge:.

The Processing of Information.

Skilled Information Processing.

2. Cognitive Processes in Word Recognition:.

Sources of Variation in Lexical Access.

Models of Word Recognition: Word Detection with Lexical Units.

Models of Word Recognition: Word Detection through Connectionist Networks.

Models of Word Recognition: Word Recognition with Lexical Search.

Assessing Models of Word Recognition.

3. Reading Development and Reading Difficulties: Individual Differences in Acquisition and Skill:.

Phonics and the Use of Spelling–to–Sound Rules.

Reading as a Psycholinguistic Guessing Game.

Reading Skill and the Use of Context.

Phonological Awareness and Phonological Memory.

The Role of Memory in Reading Development.

Reading Skill and the Use of Inferences.

Individual Differences in Reading Development.

4. Neuropsychological Studies of Reading: .

The Acquired Dyslexias.

Types of Acquired Dyslexias.

Lexical and Nonlexical Routes to Pronunciation.

Is the Lexicon Morphemically Organised?.

The Developmental Dyslexias.

Contributions from the Neuropsychology of Reading.

5. The Role of Eye Movements in Reading: .

Processing During Fixations.

Theories of Eye Guidance.

Individual Differences in Reading.

On–Line Processes in Reading.

6. Reading Comprehension.

Thinking While Reading.

From Words to Propositions.

From Propositions to Inferences.

Words, Propositions, Inferences, and the Reader′s Mental Model.

References.

Subject Index.

Name Index.

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Geoffrey Underwood is Professor of Cognitive Psychology at the University of Nottingham.

Viv Batt is a Teaching Fellow in the Department of Psychology at the University of Nottingham.

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