Readings in Globalization explores both the political economy of globalization and the relationship between culture and globalization. The wide range of concepts covered includes: civilizations, Orientalism, colonialism, postcolonialism, neoliberalism, structural adjustment, nation–state, transnationalism, world–systems, empire, network society, world risk society, cosmopolitanism, McWorld, creolization, hybridity, glocalization, McDonaldization, and world culture. With contributions from the work of leading figures across a variety of related disciplines, these carefully chosen readings help to clarify our knowledge and advance our understanding of globalization, revealing the often contradictory nature of an issue that is inexorably shaping the contemporary world.
The volume is designed so it may be used independently, or alongside George Ritzer’s Globalization: A Basic Text, for a complete student resource. For further information on Wiley–Blackwell’s books in globalization, along with supporting resources, visit [external URL]
1 Introduction to Globalization Debates.
1 Is Globalization Civilizing, Destructive or Feeble? A Critique of Five Key Debates in the Social Science Literature (Mauro F. Guillén).
Part I Political Economy.
2 The Clash of Civilizations? (Samuel P. Huntington).
3 Global Utopias and Clashing Civilizations: Misunderstanding the Present (John Gray).
4 Can Civilizations Clash? (Jack F. Matlock, Jr).
5 History Ends, Worlds Collide (Chris Brown).
6 If Not Civilizations, What? Paradigms of the Post–Cold War World (Samuel P. Huntington).
3 Orientalism, Colonialism, and Postcolonialism.
7 Orientalism: Introduction (Edward W. Said).
8 Orientalism and Orientalism in Reverse (Sadik Jalal al–′Azm).
9 Postcolonialism and Its Discontents (Ali Rattansi).
10 Said’s Orientalism: A Vital Contribution Today (Peter Marcuse).
11 Freedom versus Collectivism in Foreign Aid (William Easterly).
12 The Great Transformation: The Political and Economic Origins of Our Time (Karl Polanyi).
13 Freedom’s Just Another Word . . . (David Harvey).
14 Neoliberalism as Exception, Exception to Neoliberalism (Aihwa Ong).
5 Structural Adjustment.
15 Structural Adjustment in East and Southeast Asia: Lessons from Latin America (Jim Glassman and Pádraig Carmody).
16 The Social Consequences of Structural Adjustment: Recent Evidence and Current Debates (Sarah Babb).
17 The Human Rights Effects of World Bank Structural Adjustment, 1981–2000 (M. Rodwan Abouharb and David L. Cingranelli).
18 How International Monetary Fund and World Bank Policies Undermine Labor Power and Rights (Vincent Lloyd and Robert Weissman).
19 Who Has Failed Africa?: IMF Measures or the African Leadership? (Gerald Scott).
20 Sociology and the Nation–State in an Era of Shifting Boundaries (Donald N. Levine).
21 The Westfailure System (Susan Strange).
22 Globalization and the Myth of the Powerless State (Linda Weiss).
23 Globalization and the Resilience of State Power (Daniel Béland).
24 Beyond Nation–State Paradigms: Globalization, Sociology, and the Challenge of Transnational Studies (William I. Robinson).
25 Transnational Practices (Leslie Sklair).
26 Social Theory and Globalization: The Rise of a Transnational State (William I. Robinson).
27 Revisiting the Question of the Transnational State: A Comment on William Robinson′s "Social Theory and Globalization" (Philip McMichael).
8 World Systems.
28 The Modern World–System: Theoretical Reprise (Immanuel Wallerstein).
29 Competing Conceptions of Globalization (Leslie Sklair).
30 Empire (Michael Hardt and Antonio Negri).
31 The Global Coliseum: On Empire (Michael Hardt and Antonio Negri interviewed by Nicholas Brown and Imre Szeman).
32 Retrieving the Imperial: Empire and International Relations (Tarak Barkawi and Mark Laffey).
33 Africa: the Black Hole at the Middle of Empire? (David Moore).
34 The New World Order (They Mean It) (Stanley Aronowitz).
35 Adventures of the Multitude: Response of the Authors (Michael Hardt and Antonio Negri).
10 Network Society and Informationalism.
36 Toward a Sociology of the Network Society (Manuel Castells).
37 Depoliticizing Globalization: From Neo–Marxism to the Network Society of Manuel Castells (Peter Marcuse).
11 World Risk Society and Cosmopolitanism.
38 The Terrorist Threat: World Risk Society Revisited (Ulrich Beck).
39 Risk, Globalisation and the State: A Critical Appraisal of Ulrich Beck and the World Risk Society Thesis (Darryl S. L. Jarvis).
40 Unpacking Cosmopolitanism for the Social Sciences: A Research Agenda (Ulrich Beck and Natan Sznaider).
41 Cosmopolitanism and Nationalism (Craig Calhoun).
12 McWorld and Jihad.
42 Jihad vs McWorld (Benjamin R. Barber).
43 Paris Is Burning: Jihad vs McWorld by Benjamin R. Barber (Fareed Zakaria).
44 Sovereignty and Emergency: Political Theology, Islam and American Conservatism (Bryan S. Turner).
45 On Terrorism and the New Democratic Realism (Benjamin R. Barber).
Part II Culture.
46 Globalization and Culture: Three Paradigms (Jan Nederveen Pieterse).
13 Creolization, Hybridity, and Glocalization.
47 The World in Creolisation (Ulf Hannerz).
48 Flows, Boundaries and Hybrids: Keywords in Transnational Anthropology (Ulf Hannerz).
49 Globalization as Hybridization (Jan Nederveen Pieterse).
50 Glocalization: Time–Space and Homogeneity–Heterogeneity (Roland Robertson).
14 Critiquing Creolization, Hybridity, and Glocalization.
51 Hybridity, So What? The Anti–Hybridity Backlash and the Riddles of Recognition (Jan Nederveen Pieterse).
52 The Global, the Local, and the Hybrid: A Native Ethnography of Glocalization (Marwan M. Kraidy).
53 Globalization and Trinidad Carnival: Diaspora, Hybridity and Identity in Global Culture (Keith Nurse).
54 Mapping the "Glocal" Village: The Political Limits of "Glocalization" (William H. Thornton).
55 Rethinking Globalization: Glocalization/Grobalization and Something/Nothing (George Ritzer).
56 Dialectics of Something and Nothing: Critical Reflections on Ritzer’s Globalization Analysis (Douglas Kellner).
57 An Introduction to McDonaldization (George Ritzer).
58 McDonaldization and the Global Culture of Consumption (Malcolm Waters).
59 The McDonald’s Mosaic: Glocalization and Diversity (Bryan S. Turner).
60 Transnationalism, Localization, and Fast Foods in East Asia (James L. Watson).
61 Global Implications of McDonaldization and Disneyization (Alan Bryman).
62 Glocommodification: How the Global Consumes the Local – McDonald′s in Israel (Uri Ram).
16 World Culture.
63 World Culture: Origins and Consequences (Frank J. Lechner and John Boli).
64 Norms, Culture, and World Politics: Insights from Sociology′s Institutionalism (Martha Finnemore).
Sources and Credits.