Beyond Common Sense. Psychological Science in the Courtroom

  • ID: 2248957
  • Book
  • 448 Pages
  • John Wiley and Sons Ltd
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Psychological science challenges and sometimes contradicts common sense ideas about stereotyping, prejudice, discrimination, and other behavioral domains that intersect with legal processes such as eyewitness identification, repressed memories, polygraph testing, and affirmative action.Beyond Common Sense confronts the public s often erroneous beliefs about human behavior in legal contexts like the courtroom. Featuring original chapters written by leading experts in psychological science, each chapter identifies areas of scientific agreement and disagreement and discusses how psychological science advances an understanding of human behavior beyond what is accessible by common sense and intuitive beliefs. The book concludes with commentaries written by leading social science and law scholars that discuss key legal and scientific themes and illustrate how psychological science is, or can be, used in the courts and in other policy contexts.
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Notes on Contributors.

Foreword (Mahzarin R. Banaji).

Acknowledgments.

Introduction (Eugene Borgida and Susan T. Fiske).

Part I Psychological Science on Stereotyping, Prejudice, and Discrimination.

1 Race, Crime, and Antidiscrimination (R. Richard Banks, Jennifer L. Eberhardt, and Lee Ross).

2 Discrimination in America and Legal Strategies for Reducing It (Faye J. Crosby and John F. Dovidio).

3 The Young Science of Prejudice Against Older Adults: Established Answers and Open Questions About Ageism (Todd D. Nelson).

4 Gender Prejudice: On the Risks of Occupying Incongruent Roles (Alice H. Eagly and Anne M. Koenig).

5 From the Laboratory to the Bench: Gender Stereotyping Research in the Courtroom (Laurie A. Rudman, Peter Glick, and Julie E. Phelan).

6 (Un)common Knowledge: The Legal Viability of Sexual Harassment Research (Louise F. Fitzgerald and Linda L. Collinsworth).

7 Subjectivity in the Appraisal Process: A Facilitator of Gender Bias in Work Settings (Madeline E. Heilman and Michelle C. Haynes).

Part II Psychological Science on Legal System Processes.

8 Eyewitness Identifi cation: Issues in Common Knowledge and Generalization (Gary L. Wells and Lisa E. Hasel).

9 Repressed and Recovered Memory (Elizabeth F. Loftus, Maryanne Garry, and Harlene Hayne).

10 Expert Testimony on the Psychology of Confessions: A Pyramidal Framework of the Relevant Science (Saul M. Kassin).

11 Polygraph Testing (William G. Iacono).

12 Social Science and the Evolving Standards of Death Penalty Law (Phoebe C. Ellsworth and Samuel R. Gross).

13 Pretrial Publicity: Effects, Remedies, and Judicial Knowledge (Margaret Bull Kovera and Sarah M. Greathouse).

14 Media Violence, Aggression, and Public Policy (Craig A. Anderson and Douglas A. Gentile).

Part III Commentaries.

15 The Limits of Science in the Courtroom (David L. Faigman).

16 Research on Eyewitness Testimony and False Confessions (Margaret A. Berger).

17 Commentary on Research Relevant to Sex Discrimination and Sexual Harassment (Barbara A. Gutek).

18 The Tenuous Bridge Between Research and Reality: The Importance of Research Design in Inferences Regarding Work Behavior (Frank J. Landy).

19 Psychological Contributions to Evaluating Witness Testimony (Shari Seidman Diamond).

20 Beyond Common–sense Understandings of Sex and Race Discrimination (R. Richard Banks).

21 Behavioral Realism in Law: Reframing the Discussion About Social Science′ Place in Antidiscrimination Law and Policy (Linda Hamilton Krieger).

Index.

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Eugene Borgida
Susan T. Fiske
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