Social Psychology and Discourse

  • ID: 2248966
  • Book
  • 328 Pages
  • John Wiley and Sons Ltd
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A unique introduction to social psychology,Social Psychology and Discourse adopts the explanatory framework typical of experimental social psychology textbooks and, using a completely novel approach, applies this framework to discourse analysis in psychology. The contributions of discourse analysis to areas such as the self, relationships, and social cognition as well as the applied areas of law, health and organisational contexts are introduced to students unfamiliar with qualitative research.

Drawing on a range of examples from UK, European and US research, McKinlay and McVittie provide key coverage of theory and methodology as well as current debates. Featuring chapter outlines, key terms, a glossary, activity questions, classic studies and further reading, this is an invaluable companion for those studying social psychology, communication studies and discourse analysis.

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Preface.

1. Introduction.

What is social psychology?.

The nature of social psychology.

Related disciplines.

Social psychology as a science.

Social psychology: Its methods and data.

Qualitative data.

What is discourse?.

The nature of discourse.

Conversation analysis (CA).

Discourse analysis (DA).

Critical discourse analysis (CDA).

Foucauldian discourse analysis (FDA).

Discursive psychology (DP).

Rhetorical psychology.

Narrative analysis.

Other forms of qualitative study.

A note on ethics.

About this book.

Appendix: A note on transcription.

2. Self and Identity.

Identities in context.

Conversational identities.

Identities in culture.

National identities.

Nations and time.

Nations and place.

Other community identities.

Social groups.

Gendered identities.

Masculine identities.

Feminine identities.

Ethnic groups.

Virtual identities.

Resisting identities.

Selves in action.

3. Groups.

The impact of groups.

Groups and social representations.

Groups, self and others.

Group cohesion.

Group structure.

Homogeneity and heterogeneity.

Roles within the group.

Group function.

Group norms.

Group tasks.

4. Attraction and Relationships.

Attraction.

Achieving attraction.

Sexual attraction and desire.

Partnership and marriage.

Marriage.

Partnerships.

Being single.

Parenthood.

Parenting in families.

Parenting and society.

Family relationships.

Collaborative competence.

Family dynamics.

Caring in families.

Peers and friends.

Collaboration among peers.

Teasing and exclusion.

Troubles and breaking up.

Neighbour disputes.

Family and relationship troubles.

5. Social Cognition.

Knowledge of others and mental states.

Knowing and mental models.

Not knowing and the sequential structure of conversation.

Knowing and not knowing: Beyond cognitive states.

Social memory.

Impression management.

Attributions.

Categorisation.

6. Attitudes and Persuasion.

Attitudes.

Attitude and control.

Constructing attitudes and evaluative practices.

Persuasion.

Persuasion and ideology.

Mundane persuasion in everyday talk.

7. Prejudice.

Prejudice and discourse.

Race.

Constructing the other .

Managing the self.

Racist talk in context.

What the papers say.

Sex.

Sexism.

Heterosexism.

8. Dispute and Aggression.

Disputes in talk.

Agreeing to disagree: The usefulness of disagreement.

Disagreement and dispute: Power and participant s orientations.

Accounting for aggression.

Aggressors accounts.

Others accounts.

Disguising aggression.

Denials.

Making aggression invisible.

9. Social Psychology, Law and Order.

Police investigations.

Police interviews.

Police calls.

Lawyers in the Courtroom.

The role of the lawyer in cross examination.

The role of the lawyer in direct examination.

Witnesses in the courtroom.

Witness testimony.

The expert witness.

The role of the judge.

Treatment of offenders.

10. Social Psychology and Health.

What is health?.

The ideology of health.

Being ill.

Health and gender.

Professional expertise.

Coping and support.

Coping as an individual.

Support groups.

Professional / patient encounters.

Assessments.

Formulations.

Diagnoses.

Health behaviours and change.

Health and individual behaviour.

Health in the community.

11. Social Psychology and Organisations.

Talk and organizations.

Institutional talk.

Organisations and culture.

Behaviour at work.

Working relationships.

Working activities.

Leadership and decision–making.

Employment and non–employment.

Career choices.

Employment difficulties.

Organisations and society.

Organisations and change.

Dealing with clients / customers.

Learning about organizations.

12. Debates Within the Discursive Tradition.

The external context debate.

Conversation analysis.

Critical discourse analysis.

External contexts.

The membership categorization analysis debate.

Membership categorization analysis and sequential conversation analysis.

Membership categorization analysis and warranting claims.

The social constructionism debate.

Covert realism.

Disappearance of the person.

Reflexivity.

13. Social Psychology in the 21st Century.

Arguments for research independence.

Philosophical differences between discursive and experimental research.

Methodological differences between discursive and experimental research.

Arguments for research integration.

Rethinking philosophical differences.

Rethinking methodological differences.

The future of social psychology.

Glossary.

References.

Author Index.

Subject Index

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Andrew McKinlay
Chris McVittie
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