Intense involvement in competitive sports often begins during childhood. During adolescence, many athletes reach their peak performance and some may participate in World Championships and Olympic Games at a relatively young age. The Young Athlete presents the available information relevant to exercise and training in youth, reviewed and summarized by authors who are recognized as leaders in their respective fields.
The Young Athlete is subdivided into seven parts covering: the physiologic bases of physical performance in view of growth and development; trainability and the consequences of a high level of physical activity during childhood and adolescence for future health; the epidemiology of injuries, their prevention, treatment, and rehabilitation; non–orthopedic health concerns including the pre–participation examination; psychosocial issues relevant to young athletes; diseases relevant to child and adolescent athletes; the methodology relevant to the assessment of young athletes.
This valuable reference summarizes a large database of information from thousands of studies and is especially relevant to sports physicians, pediatricians, general practitioners, physical therapists, dietitians, coaches, students, and researchers in the exercise sciences.
Dedication to Oded Bar–Or, MD.
Part 1: Growth, Maturation, and Physical Performance.
1 Growth and Biologic Maturation: Relevance to Athletic Performance: Gaston Beunen (Katholieke Universiteit Leuven) and Robert M.
Malina (Tarleton State University).
2 Muscle Development During Childhood and Adolescence: David A. Jones (The University of Birmingham) and Joan M. Round (The University of Birmingham).
3 Development of Maximal Anaerobic Performance: An Old Issue Revisited: Omri Inbar (Zinman College) and Michael Chia (Nanyang Technological University).
4 Cardiorespiratory Responses During Endurance Exercise: Maturation and Growth: Thomas W. Rowland (Baystate Medical Center).
5 Scaling for Size: Relevance to Understanding Effects of Growth on Performance: Joanne R. welsman (University of Exeter).
and Neil Armstrong (University of Exeter).
Part 2: Training: Principles, Trainability, and Consequences.
6 Muscle Strength, Endurance, and Power: Trainability During Childhood: Cameron J.R. Blimkie (McMaster University).
and Oded Bar–Or (McMaster University).
7 Endurance Trainability of Children and Youth: Karin A. Pfeiffer (Michigan State University), Felipe Lobelo (University of South Carolina), Dianne S. Ward (University of North Carolina),.
and Russell R. Pate (University of South Carolina).
8 Skill Acquisition in Childhood and Adolescence: Robert M. Malina (Tarleton State University).
9 Growing a Healthy Skeleton: Exercise the Primary Driving Force: Shona L. Bass (Deakin University), Robin M. Daly (Deakin University).
and Cameron J.R. Blimkie (McMaster University).
10 Physical Activity in Youth: Health Implications for the Future: Han C.G. Kemper (VU University Medical Center, Institute for Research in Extramural Medicine).
Part 3: Injuries: Epidemiology, Prevention, Treatment, and Rehabilitation.
11 Epidemiology of Pediatric Sports–Related Injuries: Evert Verhagen (VU University Medical Center) and Willem Van Mechelen (VU University Medical Center).
12 Overuse Injuries in the Young Athlete: Stress Fractures: Lyle J. Micheli (Children s Hospital and Harvard Medical School) and Jason H. Nielson (Sunrise Children s Hospital).
13 Protective Sports Equipment: David T. Bernhardt (University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health).
14 Rehabilitation of Children Following Sport and Activity Related Injuries: Anthony Luke (University of California, San Francisco), Michelina Cassella (Children s Hospital, Boston).
and Kathleen Richards (Children s Hospital, Boston).
Part 4: Non–orthopedic Health Concerns.
15 The Preparticipation Physical Evaluation: Eric Small (Mount Sinai School of Medicine).
16 Nutrition for the School Aged Child Athlete: Melvin H. Williams (Old Dominion University).
17 Risk for Eating Disorders in the Young Athlete: Stefanie Gilbert (Howard University), Lauren K. Silberstein (Howard University) and J. Kevin Thompson (University of South Florida).
18 Delayed Puberty in Girls and Primary and Secondary Amenorrhea: Alan D. Rogol (University of Virginia).
19 Cardiovascular Concerns in the Young Athlete: Thomas W. Rowland (Baystate Medical Center).
20 Physiologic and Health Aspects of Exercise in Hot and Cold Environments: Bareket Falk (Brock University) and Raffy Dotan (Brock University).
21 Doping in Children and Adolescents: Eric S. Rawson (Bloomsburg University) and Adam M.Persky (University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill).
Part 5: Psychosocial Issues.
22 Personal Development Through Sport: Daniel Gould (Michigan State University) and Sarah Carson (Michigan State University).
23 Developing Positive Self–Perceptions through Youth Sport Participation: Maureen R. Weiss (University of Virginia), Jennifer A. Bhalla (University of Virginia).
and Melissa S. Price (University of Virginia).
24 Emotional Stress and Anxiety in the Child and Adolescent Athlete: Robert C. Eklund (Florida State University) and Daniel Gould (Michigan State University).
Part 6: Disease and Disability in the Young Athlete.
25 Exercise Immunology Basics and Clinical Relevance: Brian W. Timmons (Chedoke Hospital) and Helge Hebestreit (University of Würzburg).
26 Asthma and Sports: David M. Orenstein (Children s Hospital of Pittsburgh).
27 Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus and Sport: Katherine E. Iscoe (York University) and Michael C. Riddell (York University).
28 The Young Athlete with a Motor Disability: Patricia E. Longmuir (PEL Consulting).
29 The Young Athlete with a Mental Disability: Bo Fernhall (University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign).
Part 7: Methodology.
30 Body Composition Assessment in the Young Athlete: Timothy G. Lohman (University of Arizona), Scott B. Going (University of Arizona).
and Bradley R. Herrin (University of Arizona).
31 Growth and Maturation: Methods of Monitoring: Robert M. Malina (Tarleton State University) and Gaston Beunen (Katholieke Universiteit Leuven).
32 Testing for Aerobic Capacity: Helge Hebestreit (University of Würzburg) and Ralph Beneke (University of Essex).
33 Testing Anaerobic Performance: Emmanuel Van Praagh (Université Blaise Pascal).
34 Longitudinal Studies during Growth and Training: Importance and Principles: Han C.G. Kemper (VU University Medical Center).