Critical Neuroscience: A Handbook of the Social and Cultural Contexts of Neuroscience brings together leading scholars in a collective effort to understand the impact of the intellectual, economic and political conditions on current views of the brain, and how these models may in turn impact society. The editors create an interdisciplinary forum, within which contributors engage in fruitful debate about the potential of tools, the complexities of data interpretation and the social, political and cultural context of neuroscience research.
Spanning such diverse fields as philosophy, anthropology, history of science and psychiatry, the book traces the history of contemporary models of the brain, and brings laboratory observations into the forefront of neuroscientific research. Contributions explore the problem spaces in which knowledge from neuroscience is called upon to classify ′kinds′ of people, and the ways in which these findings impact on society in a diverse range of settings. Together, they engage the social sciences and humanities with experimental neuroscience, and address fundamental questions of how to critique neuroscience in society.
With illuminating insights and deep scholarly rigour, Critical Neuroscience offers a comprehensive interdisciplinary perspective that aims to enrich our understanding of the brain as situated in the body and world, and neuroscience as embedded in a complex cultural context.
List of Illustrations viii
About the Editors x
List of Contributors xi
Introduction: Critical Neuroscience Between Lifeworld and Laboratory 1Suparna Choudhury and Jan Slaby
Part I Motivations and Foundations 27
1 Proposal for a Critical Neuroscience 29Jan Slaby and Suparna Choudhury2 The Need for a Critical Neuroscience: From Neuroideology to Neurotechnology 53Steven Rose3 Against First Nature: Critical Theory and Neuroscience 67Martin Hartmann4 Scanning the Lifeworld: Toward a Critical Neuroscience of Action and Interaction 85Shaun GallagherPart II Histories of the Brain 111
5 Toys are Us: Models and Metaphors in Brain Research 113Cornelius Borck6 The Neuromance of Cerebral History 135Max Stadler7 Empathic Cruelty and the Origins of the Social Brain 159Allan YoungPart III Neuroscience in Context: From Laboratory to Lifeworld 177
8 Disrupting Images: Neuroscientific Representations in the Lives of Psychiatric Patients 179Simon Cohn9 Critically Producing Brain Images of Mind 195Joseph Dumit10 Radical Reductions: Neurophysiology, Politics and Personhood in Russian Addiction Medicine 227Eugene Raikhel11 Delirious Brain Chemistry and Controlled Culture: Exploring the Contextual Mediation of Drug Effects 253Nicolas LanglitzPart IV Situating the brain: From Lifeworld back to Laboratory? 263
12 From Neuroimaging to Tea Leaves in the Bottom of a Cup 265Amir Raz13 The Salmon of Doubt: Six Months of Methodological Controversy within Social Neuroscience 273Daniel S. Margulies14 Cultural Neuroscience as Critical Neuroscience in Practice 287Joan Y. Chiao and Bobby K. CheonPart V Beyond neural correlates: Ecological approaches to psychiatry 305
15 Re–Socializing Psychiatry: Critical Neuroscience and the Limits of Reductionism 307Laurence J. Kirmayer and Ian Gold16 Are Mental Illnesses Diseases of the Brain? 331Thomas Fuchs17 Are there Neural Correlates of Depression? 345Fernando Vidal and Francisco Ortega18 The Future of Critical Neuroscience 367Laurence J. KirmayerIndex 385
Suparna Choudhury is Junior Professor at the Max Planck Institute for the History of Science and the Berlin Institute for Mind and Brain, Humboldt University, Germany. Her research examines the emergence of the ′neurological adolescent′. She has also published on cultural neuroscience and topics at the intersection of neuroscience and society.
Jan Slaby is Junior Professor in Philosophy of Mind and Emotion at Free University Berlin, Germany. The author of a German–language book exploring the world–disclosing nature of human emotions, he has also been involved in research and teaching on the philosophy of psychiatry, with a particular focus on affective disorders and background feelings.