A Companion to Paleopathology. Wiley Blackwell Companions to Anthropology

  • ID: 2249097
  • Book
  • 626 Pages
  • John Wiley and Sons Ltd
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A Companion to Paleopathology offers a comprehensive overview of this growing interdisciplinary field, with newly commissioned essays written by distinguished researchers from the biological, medical and social sciences. Together, these essays explore advances and provide analyses for a more effective understanding of the history of human illness and disease.

Each essay provides a snapshot of a key area of research in paleopathology, such as histology, epidemiology, diet, or DNA analysis, describing its theoretical underpinnings, methods and techniques, and exposing ongoing issues and controversies.  A Companion to Paleopathology provides a unique resource on the scope and future direction of paleopathology.

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List of Illustrations xi

List of Tables xvii

Notes on Contributors xix

Acknowledgements xxviii

1 Introduction: The Scope of Paleopathology 1Anne L. Grauer

Part I Approaches, Perspectives and Issues 15

2 Ethics and Issues in the Use of Human Skeletal Remains in Paleopathology 17Patricia M. Lambert

3 Evolutionary Thought in Paleopathology and the Rise of the Biocultural Approach 34Molly K. Zuckerman, Bethany L. Turner, and George J. Armelagos

4 The Bioarchaeological Approach to Paleopathology 58Michele R. Buzon

5 The Molecular Biological Approach in Paleopathology 76James H. Gosman

6 The Ecological Approach: Understanding Past Diet and the Relationship Between Diet and Disease 97M. Anne Katzenberg

7 An Epidemiological Approach to Paleopathology 114Jesper L. Boldsen and George R. Milner

8 The Promise, the Problems, and the Future of DNA Analysis in Paleopathology Studies 133Mark Spigelman, Dong Hoon Shin, and Gila Kahila Bar Gal

9 The Analysis and Interpretation of Mummifi ed Remains 152Michael R. Zimmerman

10 The Study of Parasites Through Time: Archaeoparasitology and Paleoparasitology 170Katharina Dittmar, Adauto Araújo, and Karl J. Reinhard

11 More Than Just Mad Cows: Exploring Human Animal Relationships Through Animal Paleopathology 191Beth Upex and Keith Dobney

12 How Does The History of Paleopathology Predict its Future? 214Mary Lucas Powell and Della Collins Cook

Part II Methods and Techniques of Inquiry 225

13 A Knowledge of Bone at the Cellular (Histological) Level is Essential to Paleopathology 227Bruce D. Ragsdale and Larisa M. Lehmer

14 Differential Diagnosis and Issues in Disease Classifi cation 250Donald J. Ortner

15 Estimating Age and Sex from the Skeleton, a Paleopathological Perspective 268George R. Milner and Jesper L. Boldsen

16 The Relationship Between Paleopathology and the Clinical Sciences 285Simon Mays

17 Integrating Historical Sources with Paleopathology 310Piers D. Mitchell

18 Fundamentals of Paleoimaging Techniques: Bridging the Gap Between Physicists and Paleopathologists 324Johann Wanek, Christina Papageorgopoulou, and Frank Rühli

19 Data and Data Analysis Issues in Paleopathology 339Ann L.W. Stodder

Part III Diseases of the Past: Current Understandings and Controversies 357

20 Trauma 359Margaret A. Judd and Rebecca Redfern

21 Developmental Disorders in the Skeleton 380Ethne Barnes

22 Metabolic and Endocrine Diseases 401Tomasz Koz owski and Henryk W. Witas

23 Tumors: Problems of Differential Diagnosis in Paleopathology 420Don Brothwell

24 Re–Emerging Infections: Developments in Bioarchaeological Contributions to Understanding Tuberculosis Today 434Charlotte Roberts

25 Leprosy (Hansen s disease) 458Niels Lynnerup and Jesper Boldsen

26 Treponematosis: Past, Present, and Future 472Della Collins Cook and Mary Lucas Powell

27 Nonspecifi c Infection in Paleopathology: Interpreting Periosteal Reactions 492Darlene A. Weston

28 Joint Disease 513Tony Waldron

29 Bioarchaeology′s Holy Grail: The Reconstruction of Activity 531Robert Jurmain, Francisca Alves Cardoso, Charlotte Henderson, and Sébastien Villotte

30 Oral Health in Past Populations: Context, Concepts and Controversies 553John R. Lukacs

Index 582

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The book charts developing maturity reflecting the excellent work of the early pioneers but emphasising the bigger questions which research today facilitates such as how and why diseases develop, determining their frequency in the past and identifying how humans respond under different conditions and circumstances. Such questions have relevance for understanding diseases and their trajectories in contemporary populations.   (Chromatographia, 1 August 2013)

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