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The Times They Are Changing?. Crisis and the Welfare State. Broadening Perspectives in Social Policy

  • ID: 2249178
  • Book
  • January 2012
  • 192 Pages
  • John Wiley and Sons Ltd

Some have argued that the concept of the modern welfare state has been in crisis since at least the oil price shocks of the 1970s. Today, one rarely engages in a discussion of welfare states without encountering such terms as recalibrate , recast , dismantle or restructure . Yet until the recent global financial crisis, the welfare states of many countries were relatively stable or even expanding. The Times They Are Changing? presents a series of readings that critically examine whether the recent financial crisis will have short–lived implications for welfare states or will usher in a new era of substantial reform and retrenchment of social policies in welfare states around the world. Contributors include policy researchers and academics from several countries in Western Europe, as well as the South Pacific and the USA. Various national and regional case studies reveal the profound impact the financial crisis is having on policies implemented by welfare states as well as on our perceptions of the welfare state as a concept. The Times They Are Changing? offers revelatory insights into the current global financial crisis and its long–term implications for the role of the state in the social well–being of its citizens.

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Editorial Introduction: Overview and Conclusion 1

Bent Greve

1 To What Extent Did the Financial Crisis Intensify the Pressure to Reform the Welfare State? 7
Barbara Vis, Kees van Kersbergen and Thomas H. Hylands

2 Falling Back on Old Habits? A Comparison of the Social and Unemployment Crisis Reactive Policy Strategies in Germany, the UK and Sweden 23
Heejung Chung and Stefan Thewissen

3 The Impact of the Crisis on Australian Social Security Policy in Historical Perspective 41
Peter Saunders and Chris Deeming

4 US Social Policy in the 21st Century: The Difficulties of Comprehensive Social Reform 59
Anne Daguerre

5 Economic Crisis and Welfare Retrenchment: Comparing Irish Policy Responses in the 1970s and 1980s with the Present 79
Fiona Dukelow

6 Crisis and Welfare State Change in the Netherlands 101
Mara Yerkes and Romke van der Veen

7 Explaining Welfare Reforms in Italy between Economy and Politics: External Constraints and Endogenous Dynamics 117
Franca Maino and Stefano Neri

8 The Economic Crisis as a Trigger of Convergence? Short–time Work in Italy, Germany and Austria 137
Stefano Sacchi, Federico Pancaldi and Claudia Arisi

9 Health Care Policy for Better or for Worse? Examining NHS Reforms During Times of Economic Crisis versus Relative Stability 161
Lorraine Frisina Doetter and Ralf Götze

Index 179

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Bent Greve
Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown