Current Western orthodoxy holds that third–world countries must democratize if they are to develop, and aid has become increasingly conditional on such political reforms. But can democracy survive in the conditions which are found in many developing countries or will it only engender turbulence and instability? The book deals with these questions at the theoretical and empirical levels, focusing first on the theory and then on case studies of the relationship between democracy and development in Botswana, India, South Korea, Chile, South Africa, China and the islands of the South Pacific.
Contributors include Geoffrey Hawthorn, John Holm, Sudipta Kaviraj, Yong Cheol Kim, Jan–Erik Lane, Peter Larmour, Tom Lodge, Chung–in Moon, Jenny Pearce, Peter Rutland, Richard Sklar, and Gordon White. Overall, these authors call into question the current orthodoxy about the relationship of democracy and development. In so doing, they have written a text which will be of wide interest to students in development studies, international relations and political theory, as well as to all those engaged in international organizations grappling with the nature and policies of development itself.
Notes on the Contributors.
Part I: Theory and Controversy. .
1. On the Primacy of Politics in Development: A. Leftwich.
2. Toward a Theory of Developmental Democracy: R. L. Sklar.
3. Democracy and Development: A Statistical Exploration: S. Ersson and J.–E. Lane.
4. Governance, Democracy and Development: A Contractualist View: G. Hawthorn and P. Seabright.
Part II: Case Studies. .
5. Development, Democracy and Civil Society in Botswana: J. D. Holm.
6. Dilemmas of Democratic Development in India: S. Kaviraj.
7. A Circle of Paradox: Development, Politics, and Democracy in South Korea: C. Moon and Y. C. Kim.
8. Chile: Democracy and Development in a Divided Society: J. Pearce.
9. South Africa: Democracy and Development in a Post–apartheid Society: T. Lodge.
10. Development and Democratization in China: G. White.
11. Democracy without Development in the South Pacific: P. Larmour.
12. Has Democracy Failed Russia?: P. Rutland.
Part III: Conclusion. .
13. Two Cheers for Democracy? Democracy and the Developmental State: A. Leftwich.
"This volume is an important contribution to the debate." Development and Change