Narula explores an important paradox. On the one hand, locations and corporations are increasingly interdependent through supranational organizations, regional integration, strategic alliances, and the flow of investments, technologies, ideas and people. The boundaries of both corporations and states are increasingly porous and imprecise, because businesses use alliances and outsourcing, and countries are rarely technologically self–sufficient. On the other hand, locations remain distinct and idiosyncratic, with innovation systems largely nationally bound. Knowledge creation suffers from inertia and, because of the systemic nature of learning, continues to be concentrated in a few locations and firms.
This book will appeal to students of business and management studies, globalization, technical change and information and communication technologies. Drawing on a wide variety of data at the corporate and national level, it also spells out important lessons for policy makers and managers concerned with industrial and technology policy, as well as those interested in the organization of research and development.
List of Tables.
List of Boxes.
1. Technology and Globalization as Concatenated Processes: A Brief Commentary on the Causes of Globalization.
2. Cross–border Interdependence between Locations: Learning Growth and Systems of Innovation.
3. Innovation Systems and ′Inertia′ in R&D Location: Norwegian Firms and the Role of Systemic Lock–in.
4. Cross–border Interdependence between Firms: The Growth of Strategic Technology Partnering.
5. In–house, R&D, Outsourcing or Alliances? Some Strategic and Economic Considerations.
6. Technological Catch–up and Strategic Technology Partnering in Developing Countries.
7. Technology, Globalization and Policy Issues: Some Observations.
Professor Daniele Archibugi, Italian National Research Council, Rome
"One of the best analyses of the interface between globalization and innovatory development at both a firm and a country level I have read. A well–crafted and closely reasoned monograph which deserves to be widely read by academic scholars and policy makers alike." John H. Dunning, University of Reading
"A rare fusion of analytical clarity and illustrative readability both for the expert and the layman." Science and Public Policy