The history of perversion in the West is told here through a study of great emblematic figures of the perverse – Gilles de Rais, the mystical saints and the flagellants in the middle ages, the Marquis de Sade in the eighteenth century, the masturbating child, the male homosexual and the hysterical woman nineteenth century, Nazism in the twentieth century, and the complementary figures of the paedophile and the terrorist in the twenty–first.
The perverse are rarely talked about and when they are it is usually only to be condemned. They are commonly viewed as monstrous and cruel, as something alien to the very nature of being human. And yet, perversion can also attest to creativity and self–transcendence, to the refusal of individuals to submit to the rules and prohibitions that govern human life. Perversion fascinates us precisely because it can be both abject and sublime. Whether they are sublime because they turn to art or mysticism, or abject because they surrender to their murderous impulses, the perverse are part of us because they exhibit something that we always conceal: our own negativity and our dark side.
Elissa Marder, Emory University
"This fascinating book takes us from the question of the origin of the perverse through its semiotic displacements in Christianity and libertinism, by way of Freud as a thinker of the dark Enlightenment, into the emergence of contemporary biocracy and genocide as delight in evil. Required reading for all studies of the history of consciousness."
Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak, Columbia University