The Ethnicity Reader offers a comprehensive and challenging selection of readings for students of sociology, politics, international relations and race relations. Updated with a large proportion of new readings and extended editorial summaries, it presents a highly accessible introduction to the study of ethnicity by providing an original approach to nationalism, multiculturalism and migration. The analysis of the ethnic component present in these three topics distinguishes this reader from others and makes it indispensable to those seeking to understand the relevance of ethnicity as one of the most prominent forces in the modern world.
Drawing on a wide range of examples, the selections included examine theories of nationalism and consider issues of ethnic integration and conflict in the USA, China, Britain, Germany, Quebec, Scotland, Galicia, Catalonia, Kurdistan, Iran, Iraq and Somaliland among other countries and regions. The reader, however, does not confine itself to the study of nationalism. Many of the selections deal with the role of ethnicity in groups which are not nationalist at all but for which ethnicity is an important factor in the process of migration. The concept of ethnicity is therefore discussed both in relation to group rights in existing nation states and in relation to transnational communities in a globalized world.
Contributors include, Anthony D. Smith, John Rex, Eric Hobsbawm, James Clifford, Benedict Anderson, Will Kymlicka, Montserrat Guibernau, Li Minghuan, Étienne Balibar, Michel Wieviorka, Rogers Brubaker, Bhikhu Parekh, Tariq Modood, Rong Ma, Toby Dodge, Russell Mellet, Samuel Huntingdon, Alain Gagnon and Ramón Máiz.
Part 1 Ethnicity and Nationalism.
1 The Concept of Ethnicity.
What is an ethnic group? (Max Weber).
Structure and persistence of Ethnie (Anthony D. Smith).
Ethnicity without groups (Rogers Brubaker).
Ethnicity, race and nation (Thomas Hylland Eriksen).
2 Ethnicity and Nationalism.
The nation and the origins of national consciousness (Benedict Anderson).
Nationalism as a product of industrial society (Ernest Gellner).
An anti–nationalist account of nationalism since 1989 (Eric Hobsbawm).
3 Ethnicity and Violence.
Causes and implications of ethnic conflict (Michael E. Brown).
State collapse and the rise of identity politics in Iraq (Toby Dodge).
Ethnicity and the emergence of Somaliland (Mark Bradbury).
4 Ethnicity and Self–determination.
Catalonia: Nationalism and intellectuals in nations without states (Montserrat Guibernau).
Scotland: The importance of raising your own revenues (Russell Mellett).
Quebec and Canada: Understanding the federal principle (Alain–G Gagnon and Raffaele Iacovino).
Galicia: economic backwarness and nationalist revival (Ramón Máiz).
First Nations in the USA (Franke Wilmer).
The Kurds in Iraq and Iran (M.R. Izady).
Part II Multiculturalism, Migration and Racism.
5 Multicultural and Plural Societies.
The concept of a multicultural society (John Rex).
Plural societies (Leo Kuper).
What is multiculturalism? (Bhikhu Parekh).
Multiculturalism, liberal citizenship and national identity: on British Muslims (Tariq Modood).
6 Citizenship, Assimilation and Multiculturalism.
Ethnicity and liberalism in the USA (Will Kymlicka).
The ′hispanic′ challenge to American identity (Samuel Huntington).
Rethinking assimilation theory (Richard Alba and Victor Nee).
Multiculturalism in welfare states: the case of Germany (Frank–Olaf Radtke).
′Culturalism′ and ′Nationalism′ in modern China (Ma Rong).
7 Migration in the Global Age.
Causes of migration (Douglas S. Massey et Al.).
Diasporas (James Clifford).
Transnational Migrant Brokerage in China (Li Minghuan).
8 Racism and Xenophobia.
Racism in Europe: unity and diversity (Michel Wieviorka).
The liberal retreat from race since the Civil Rights Act (Stephen Steinberg).
′Class racism′ (Étienne Balibar).