Evolutionary Thought in Psychology. A Brief History. Blackwell Brief Histories of Psychology

  • ID: 2249545
  • Book
  • 184 Pages
  • John Wiley and Sons Ltd
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This book traces the history of evolutionary thought in psychology in an accessible and lively fashion. The book focuses on the rise of evolutionary theories begun by Lamarck and Darwin and the creation of the science of psychology. Evolutionary thought s banishment in the early 20th century by behaviorism and cultural anthropology is explained, along with its eventual re–emergence through ethology and sociobiology.Evolutionary Thought in Psychology: A Brief History examines the complex and changing relations between psychology and evolutionary theory.
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Preface ix

CHAPTER 1 CURIOUS HISTORIES 1

CHAPTER 2 BEFORE DARWIN 9

Preliminaries 10

Jean–Baptiste de Lamarck 20

Herbert Spencer 24

CHAPTER 3 PSYCHOLOGY BORN AND THE DARWINIAN REVOLUTION 28

The New Science of Mind 28

The Darwinian Revolution 33

Darwin s Immediate Successors 38

Early Psychology in the United States 44

CHAPTER 4 THE NEAR DEATH OF DARWINISM IN THE SOCIAL SCIENCES 48

Evolution after Darwin 48

Behaviorism Takes Hold in Psychology 53

The Rise of Cultural Anthropology 62

CHAPTER 5 AN EXCEPTIONAL CASE 70

The Fundamental Problem 71

A New Factor in Evolution 77

Evolutionary Epistemology 83

Fall and Decline 88

CHAPTER 6 LESSONS TO BE LEARNED: ETHOLOGY AND SOCIOBIOLOGY 90

Classical Ethology 91

Sociobiology 105

CHAPTER 7 CONTEMPORARY EVOLUTIONARY PSYCHOLOGY 123

Evolutionary Theory from 1959 124

Necessary Precursors in the Main Discipline 129

Evolutionary Psychology Reborn 134

Which Side is Bringing Science into Disrepute? 148

A Natural Science of Culture 154

CHAPTER 8 FUTURE PROSPECTS 158

References 162

Index 166

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"Henry Plotkin is unique among academic psychologists in his gift for lucid and provocative exposition; in this book, his latest exploration of evolutionary thinking in psychology, he delivers a superbly crafted historical portrait of his own discipline: he tells us why Darwinian psychologists think as they do, and what we can expect from the felicitous new alliance of psychology with biology and the social sciences."Frank R. Wilson, Stanford University School of Medicine

"In the 19th century, Darwin s theory of evolution was initially integrated into the new science of psychology by pioneers such as Lloyd Morgan, George John Romanes, and James Mark Baldwin. But in the 20th century it was as if their efforts had been wasted; a self–names science that insisted on ignoring conscious experience itself, as well as any of its determinants that might be of direct or indirect genetic origin, took over academic departments of psychology. But Plotkin compellingly describes how 21st century psychology, which will be about consciousness as well as the brain, will probably incorporate findings from ethology, sociobiology, and evolutionary theory (including ideas about selfish genes) a must–read." David J. Murray, Queen s University

"This book is a true reflection of its title, a history of evolutionary thought within psychology, building on Darwin′s original ambition to extend his theory to a science of the human mind. It runs through the eclipse of this thinking by behaviourism and its return in the last 20 years in the various forms of evolutionary psychology. A very readable introduction to the field." Scientific and Medical Network Review, Summer 2005

"Plotkin gives an erudite and engaging account of the intellectual currents that influenced the relationship between psychology and evolutionary thought over the past 100 years.....Interspersed throughout are interesting anecdotes, colorful descriptions of personalities, and accounts of twists of fate that affected careers and influenced the history of psychology....For any psychologist interested in the history of ideas –and how intellectual currents, politics and chance events can affect scientific paradigms–it is a must read. It′s lasting value is that it provides a lucid and well–documented hisotry of the intellectually shameful exculsion of evolutionary thought in psychological theory during most of the 20th century. Thankfully, that exclusion is being remedied in the 21st century." Personnel Psychology, Summer 2005

`This is science writing of a high order, and I hope this book has the wide readership it so strongly merits.′ Michael Ruse, Journal of the History of the Behavioural Sciences, Autumn 2005

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