Eye Examination and Refraction. 2nd Edition

  • ID: 2249618
  • Book
  • 280 Pages
  • John Wiley and Sons Ltd
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Eye examination is the core of an optometrist s routine work. The outcome indicates various supplementary tests required to assist decisions for management of patients.

Undergraduate students and pre–registration optometrists will find this comprehensive, contemporary, textbook invaluable. Experienced practitioners can use it to revise their own approach to the care of patients.

The new edition has been updated. Part 1 has been rewritten and part 2 has been extended to present 100 case histories, covering a wider range of practical clinical conditions. New revision questions, new appendices and more references have been added.

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Part 1: Optometric Eye Examination.

1. The Eye Examination.

2. The Optometric Environment.

3. Essential Preliminaries.

4. Detailed Examination.

5. Fundus Examination.

6. Additional Procedures.

7. Reports and Referrals.

8. Preparation for Examinations..

Part 2: Oculo–Refractive Techniques.


9. Trial Lenses and Other Matters.

10. Objective Refraction.

11. Subjective Refraction.

12. The Near–Vision Prescription.

13. Changes in Refractive Errors.

14. Aspects of Prescribing.

15. Some Special Patients.

16. Accessories Used in Ocular Refraction..

Part 3: Refraction and Subjective Examination: Cases.

17. Advice to Younger Colleagues.

18. First Steps Prior to Examination.

19. Patients′ Records.

20. Prescribing for Reading.

21. When Visual Acuity Does not Improve as Expected.

22. Field Defects.

23. Ocular Muscle Defects and Prism Prescribing Problems.


1. Revision Questions.

2. Test Yourself on Test Chart Standards.

3. Some Prescribing Problems for Readers.

4. Guidelines Issued by the College of Optometrists, September 1997.

References and Select Bibliography.


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Robert Fletcher
D. C. Still
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