The Encyclopaedia of Sports Medicine: An IOC Medical Commission Publication. Endurance in Sport. 2nd Edition, Volume II

  • ID: 2249628
  • Book
  • 1008 Pages
  • John Wiley and Sons Ltd
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The new edition of Endurance in Sport has been thoroughly revised to take into account recent developments in the field. It covers all aspects of this major component of sports science, as well as embracing medical and sport–specific issues of particular relevance to all interested in endurance performance.

The scientific basis and mechanisms of endurance – physiological, psychological, genetic and environmental – are all considered in depth. Measurement of endurance is extensively reviewed, as is preparation and training for physical activities requiring endurance.

The information presented will be of interest to a wide range of specialists, sports medicine doctors, medical doctors in family practice, physical therapists, athletic trainers and coaches, and graduate students in the sports sciences and health–related professionals.

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List of Contributors.

Forewords.

Preface to the First Edition.

Preface to the Second Edition.

PART 1: DEFINITIONS.

1. Semantic, biomechanical and physiological definitions.

2 Individual and team endurance sports.

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PART 2: BASIC SCIENTIFIC CONSIDERATIONS.

Part 2a: Biological Bases of Endurance Performance and the Associated Functional Capacities.

3 General considerations.

4 Anatomical and anthropometric bases of endurance.

5 Pulmonary system and endurance.

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6 Cardiac function and endurance.

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7 Muscle blood flow and endurance.

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8 Regulation of blood flow and endurance.

9 Cellular metabolism and endurance.

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10 Central nervous system and endurance.

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11 Muscular factors in endurance.

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12 Endocrine factors in endurance.

13 Food stores and energy reserves.

Part 2b: Psychological Aspects of Endurance Performance.

14 Psychological aspects of endurance performance.

Part 2c: Genetic Determinants of Endurance Performance.

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15 Genetic determinants of endurance performance.

Part 2d: Physical Limitations of Endurance Performance.

16 Mechanical constraints and economy of movement in endurance.

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17 Endurance in hot and cold environments.

PART 3: MEASUREMENT IN ENDURANCE SPORT.

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18 Factors to be measured.

19 Sport–specific testing in laboratory and field.

20 Assessment of environmental conditions.

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21 Maximal oxygen intake.

22 Muscular endurance, anaerobic threshold and blood lactate.

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23 Metabolism in the contracting skeletal muscle.

24 Body composition.

25 Personality structure.

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26 Effort perception.

PART 4: PRINCIPLES OF ENDURANCE PREPARATION.

27 Influences of biological age and athletic selection.

28 Principles of endurance conditioning.

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29 Diet, vitamins and fluids before and after prolonged exercise.

30 Haemoglobin, blood volume and endurance.

31 Smoking, alcohol, ergogenic aids and doping.

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32 Psychological preparation.

33 Prevention of injuries in endurance athletes.

34 Monitoring for overtraining.

PART 5: SPECIFIC POPULATION GROUPS AND ENDURANCE TRAINING.

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35 Endurance training and children.

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36 Endurance training and women.

37 Pregnant women and endurance exercise.

38 Endurance training and the elderly.

39 Endurance sport for persons with disability.

PART 6: CLINICAL ASPECTS OF ENDURANCE TRAINING.

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40 Medical surveillance of endurance sport.

41 Pre–competitive examination of athletes.

42 Lung fluid movement in endurance sport.

43 Cardiovascular benefits of intensive exercise.

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44 Cardiovascular risks of intensive exercise.

45 Reproductive changes and the endurance athlete.

46 Endurance exercise and the immune response.

47 Hyperthermia, hypothermia and problems of hydration.

48 Problems of high altitudes.

49 Ambient air pollution and endurance competition.

50 Influence of time–zone shifts.

51 Health benefits of physical activity.

52 Overuse syndromes.

53 Countering excessive inflammation.

PART 7: SPECIFIC ISSUES IN INDIVIDUAL AND TEAM SPORTS.

54 Energetics of running.

55 Swimming as an endurance sport.

56 Rowing.

57 Cross–country skiing.

58 Cycling.

59 Triathlon competition.

60 Canoeing.

61 Soccer and other team sports.

62 Mountaineering.

63 The Physiology of Human–Powered Flight.

64 Endurance in Other Sports.

Index

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R. J. Shephard
P.–O. Astrand
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