The authors argue that changes in society now make such communications both more likely and more numerous, and that this is transforming science not only in its research practices and the institutions that support it but also deep in its epistemological core. To explain these changes, Nowotny, Scott and Gibbons have developed an open, dynamic framework for re–thinking science.
The authors conclude that the line which formerly demarcated society from science is regularly transgressed and that the resulting closer interaction of science and society signals the emergence of a new kind of science: contextualized or context–sensitive science. The co–evolution between society and science requires a more or less complete re–thinking of the basis on which a new social contract between science and society might be constructed. In their discussion the authors present some of the elements that would comprise this new social contract.
Chapter 1: The Transformation of Society.
Chapter 2: Beyond Modernity – Breaching the Frontiers.
Chapter 3: The Co–Evolution of Science and Society.
Chapter 4: The Context Speaks Back.
Chapter 5: The Transformation of Knowledge Institutions.
Chapter 6: The Role of Universities in Knowledge Production.
Chapter 7: How does Contextualization Happen?.
Chapter 8: Weakly Contextualized Knowledge.
Chapter 9: Strongly Contextualized Knowledge.
Chapter 10: Contextualization in the Middle Range.
Chapter 11: From Reliable Knowledge to Socially Robust Knowledge.
Chapter 12: The Epistemological Core?.
Chapter 13: Science Moves to the Agora.
Chapter 14: Socially Distributed Expertise.
Chapter 15: Re–Visioning Science.
Chapter 16: Re–Thinking Science is not Science Re–Thought.