Experts agree that children with Down syndrome do indeed show a specific developmental profile with strengths in social understanding and visual learning and memory, and more difficulties with motor processes, speech and language, and auditory–vocal short–term memory. It is important that parents, practitioners and teachers know this and adapt interventions and educational approaches to take account of this particular profile.
At a more fundamental level, the behavioural data regarding the specific profile of relative strengths and weaknesses in Down syndrome are being set in correspondence with the growing knowledge on neurogenetic aspects of the syndrome. This prepares the way for a fuller, neurobehavioral account of the condition and of its developmental characteristics.
1 Specifi city in Down Syndrome: A New Therapeutic Criterion (J. Perera).
2 Down Syndrome: From Pathology to Pathogenesis (Krystyna E. Wisniewski, Elizabeth Kida, Adam A. Golabek, Mariusz Walus, Ausma Rabe, Sonia Palminiello, Giorgio Albertini).
3 Ageing and Susceptibility to Alzheimer s Disease in Down Syndrome (David Patterson).
4 Down Syndrome Specifi city in Health Issues (Alberto Rasore Quartino).
5 Neuropsychological Aspects of Down Syndrome (Lynn Nadel).
6 The Contribution of Memory to the Behavioural Phenotype of Down Syndrome (Darlynne A. Devenny).
7 Specifi c Language Profi les in Down Syndrome and other Genetic Syndromes of Mental Retardation (Jean–Adolphe Rondal).
8 Total versus Partial Specifi city in the Behaviour of Persons with Down Syndrome (Robert M. Hodapp).
9 The Emergence of a Syndrome–specifi c Personality Profi le in Young Children with Down Syndrome (Deborah J. Fidler).
10 Learning Diffi culties in Down Syndrome (Giovanni Maria Guazzo).
11 Off to a Good Start: Early Intervention for Infants and Young Children with Down Syndrome and their Families (Donna Spiker).
12 Family Setting in Down Syndrome (Salvatore Soresi, Laura Nota, Lea Ferrari).