Management Principles of Sustainable Industrial Chemistry. Theories, Concepts and Indusstrial Examples for Achieving Sustainable Chemical Products and Processes from a Non-Technological Viewpoint

  • ID: 2253868
  • Book
  • 280 Pages
  • John Wiley and Sons Ltd
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Approaching sustainability from the perspectives of engineering and multiple scientific disciplines, this book incorporates the concepts of intergenerational equity and ecological capabilities, while promoting scientific rigor for the analysis of sustainability and the use of appropriate metrics to determine the comparative merits of alternatives.

The chapters are organized around the key non–technological themes of sustainable industrial chemistry and provide an overview of the managerial principles to enhance sustainability in the chemicals sector. The book strives to provide an intellectual forum and stimulus for defining the roles chemical engineers can play in achieving sustainable development.

Suitable for industry and graduate education, this is the one–stop guide to greener, cleaner, economically viable and more efficient chemical industries.
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Preface XIII

List of Contributors XV

Part I Introductory Section 1

1 Editorial Introduction 3Genserik L.L. Reniers, Kenneth S¨orensen, and Karl Vrancken

1.1 From Industrial to Sustainable Chemistry, a Policy Perspective 4

1.2 Managing Intraorganizational Sustainability 5

1.3 Managing Horizontal Interorganizational Sustainability 5

1.4 Managing Vertical Interorganizational Sustainability 6

1.5 Sustainable Chemistry in a Societal Context 6

2 History and Drivers of Sustainability in the Chemical Industry 7Dicksen Tanzil and Darlene Schuster

2.1 The Rise of Public Pressure 7

2.1.1 The Environmental Movement 8

2.1.2 A Problem of Public Trust 9

2.2 Industry Responded 10

2.2.1 The Responsible Care Program 10

2.2.2 Technology Development 12

2.2.3 Corporate Sustainability Strategies 14

2.3 An Evolving Framework 15

2.3.1 New Issues and Regulations 15

2.3.2 Sustainability as an Opportunity 16

2.3.3 Recent Industry Trends 16

2.4 Conclusions: the Sustainability Drivers 18

References 18

3 From Industrial to Sustainable Chemistry, a Policy Perspective 21Karl Vrancken and Frank Nevens

3.1 Introduction 21

3.2 Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control 22

3.2.1 Environmental Policy for Industrial Emissions 22

3.2.2 Best Available Techniques and BREFs 23

3.2.3 Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control in the Chemical Sector 24

3.3 From IED to Voluntary Systems 25

3.4 Sustainability Challenges for Industry 26

3.4.1 Introduction 26

3.4.2 Policy Drivers for Sustainable Chemistry 27

3.4.3 Transition Concept 28

3.5 Conclusion 30

References 31

4 Sustainable Industrial Chemistry from a Nontechnological Viewpoint 33Genserik L.L. Reniers, Kenneth S¨orensen, and Karl Vrancken

4.1 Introduction 33

4.2 Intraorganizational Management for Enhancing Sustainability 36

4.3 Horizontal Interorganizational Management for Enhancing Sustainability 37

4.4 Vertical Interorganizational Management for Enhancing Sustainability 38

4.5 Sustainable Chemistry in a Societal Context 39

4.6 Conclusions 40

References 41

Part II Managing Intra–Organizational Sustainability 43

5 Building Corporate Social Responsibility Developing a Sustainability Management System Framework 45Stefan Maas, Genserik L.L. Reniers, and Marijke De Prins

5.1 Introduction 45

5.2 Development of a CSR Management System Framework 47

5.2.1 Management Knowledge and Commitment (Soft Factor) 49

5.2.2 Stakeholder Knowledge and Commitment (Soft Factor) 49

5.2.3 Strategic Planning the Choice of Sustainable Strategic Pillars (Hard Factor) 50

5.2.4 Knowledge and Commitment from the Workforce (Soft Factor) 50

5.2.5 Operational Planning, Execution, and Monitoring (Hard Factor) 51

5.3 Conclusions 52

References 52

6 Sustainability Assessment Methods and Tools 55Steven De Meester, Geert Van der Vorst, Herman Van Langenhove, and Jo Dewulf

6.1 Introduction 55

6.2 Sustainability Assessment Framework 56

6.3 Impact Indicators and Assessment Methodologies 59

6.3.1 Environmental Impact Assessment 62

6.3.1.1 Emission Impact Indicators 62

6.3.1.2 Resource Impact Indicators 68

6.3.1.3 Technology Indicators 71

6.3.1.4 Assessment Methodologies 72

6.3.2 Economic Impact Assessment 75

6.3.2.1 Economic Impact Indicators 76

6.3.2.2 Assessment Methodologies 76

6.3.3 Social Impact Assessment 77

6.3.3.1 Social Impact Indicators 78

6.3.3.2 Assessment Methodologies 79

6.3.4 Multidimensional Assessment 79

6.3.5 Interpretation 81

6.4 Conclusions 81

References 82

7 Integrated Business and SHESE Management Systems 89Kathleen Van Heuverswyn and Genserik L.L. Reniers

7.1 Introduction 89

7.2 Requirements for Integrating Management Systems 90

7.3 Integrating Management Systems: Obstacles and Advantages 92

7.4 Integrated Risk Management Models 95

7.4.1 FERMA Risk Management Standard 2003 95

7.4.2 Australian/New Zealand Norm AS/NZS 4360:2004 96

7.4.3 ISO 31000:2009 97

7.4.4 The Canadian Integrated Risk Management Framework (IRM Framework) 98

7.5 Characteristics and Added Value of an Integrated Model; Integrated Management in Practice 100

7.6 Conclusions 103

References 103

8 Supporting Process Design by a Sustainability KPIs Methodology 105Alessandro Tugnoli, Valerio Cozzani, and Francesco Santarelli

8.1 Introduction 105

8.2 Quantitative Assessment of Sustainability KPIs in Process Design Activities 107

8.3 Identification of Relevant KPIs: the Tree of Impacts 111

8.4 Criteria for Normalization and Aggregation of the KPIs 121

8.5 Customization and Sensitivity Analysis in Early KPI Assessment 123

8.6 Conclusions 128

References 128

Part III Managing Horizontal Interorganizational Sustainability 131

9 Industrial Symbiosis and the Chemical Industry: between Exploration and Exploitation 133Frank Boons

9.1 Introduction 133

9.2 Understanding Industrial Symbiosis 134

9.2.1 Industrial Symbiosis Leads to Decreased Ecological Impact 135

9.2.2 Industrial Symbiosis Requires a Highly Developed Social Network 136

9.2.3 The Regional Cluster Is the Preferred Boundary for Optimizing Ecological Impact 136

9.3 Resourcefulness 137

9.4 Putting Resourcefulness to the Test 138

9.4.1 Petrochemical Cluster in the Rotterdam Harbor Area 138

9.4.2 Terneuzen 139

9.4.3 Moerdijk 141

9.5 Conclusions 142

References 144

10 Cluster Management for Improving Safety and Security in Chemical Industrial Areas 147Genserik L.L. Reniers

10.1 Introduction 147

10.2 Cluster Management 148

10.3 Cross–Organizational Learning on Safety and Security 150

10.3.1 Knowledge Transfer 150

10.3.2 Overcoming Confidentiality Hurdles: the Multi–Plant Council (MPC) 151

10.3.3 A Cluster Management Model for Safety and Security 152

10.4 Discussion 157

10.5 Conclusions 158

References 159

Part IV Managing Vertical Inter–Organizational Sustainability 161

11 Sustainable Chemical Logistics 163Kenneth S¨orensen and Christine Vanovermeire

11.1 Introduction 163

11.2 Sustainability of Logistics and Transportation 165

11.3 Improving Sustainability of Logistics in the Chemical Sector 166

11.3.1 Optimization 167

11.3.2 Coordinated Supply Chain Management 170

11.3.3 Horizontal Collaboration 171

11.3.4 Multimodal, Intermodal and Co–Modal Transportation 174

11.4 Conclusions 178

References 179

12 Implementing Service–Based Chemical Supply Relationship Chemical Leasing® Potential in EU 181Bart P.A. Van der Velpen and Marianne J.J. Hoppenbrouwers

12.1 Introduction 181

12.2 Basic Principles of Chemical Leasing (ChL) 182

12.3 Differences between Chemical Leasing and Other Alternative Business Models for Chemicals 186

12.3.1 Classical Leasing 186

12.3.2 Chemical Management Services 186

12.3.3 Outsourcing 187

12.4 Practical Implications of Chemical Leasing 187

12.4.1 Strengths and Opportunities for the Supplier 189

12.4.2 Strengths and Opportunities for the Customer 190

12.5 Economic, Technical, and Juridical Aspects of Chemical Leasing 191

12.5.1 An Example 191

12.5.2 Barriers to the Model 191

12.5.3 Analysis of the Legal Requirements Impacting Chemical Leasing Projects 193

12.5.3.1 The Importance of Contracts 193

12.5.3.2 Competition Law and Chemical Leasing 194

12.5.3.3 REACH and Chemical Leasing 195

12.5.3.4 Legal Aspects, a Bottleneck? 196

12.6 Conclusions and Recommendations 197

References 198

13 Sustainable Chemical Warehousing 199
Kenneth S¨orensen, Gerrit K. Janssens, Mohamed Lasgaa, and Frank Witlox

13.1 Introduction 199

13.2 Risk Management in the Chemical Warehouse 200

13.2.1 Hazard Identification 200

13.2.2 Quantifying Risk: Probabilities and Consequences 205

13.2.3 Mitigation Strategies 209

13.2.3.1 Minimize Risk 209

13.2.3.2 Transfer Risk 211

13.2.3.3 Accept Risk 213

13.2.4 Control and Documentation 213

13.3 Conclusions 214

References 214

Part V Sustainable Chemistry in a Societal Context 215

14 A Transition Perspective on Sustainable Chemistry: the Need for Smart Governance? 217Derk A. Loorbach

14.1 Introduction 217

14.2 A Transitions Perspective on Chemical Industry 219

14.3 A Tale of Two Pathways 223

14.4 Critical Issues in the Transition Management to Sustainable Chemistry 225

14.5 Governance Strategies for a Transition to a Sustainable Chemistry 227

14.6 Conclusions and Reflections 230

References 231

15 The Flemish Chemical Industry Transition toward Sustainability: the FISCH Experience 233Luc Van Ginneken and Frans Dieryck

15.1 Introduction 233

15.1.1 Societal Chemistry 233

15.1.2 The Belgian and Flemish Chemical and Life Sciences Industry in a Global Context 233

15.1.3 The Challenge of Sustainable Development for the Chemical Industry in Flanders 234

15.2 Transition of the Chemical Industry in Flanders: the FISCH Initiative 236

15.2.1 Setting the Scene: the FISCH Feasibility Study 236

15.2.2 Outcome of the Study Goals and Overall Setup of FISCH 237

15.2.2.1 Vision, Mission, and Setup of FISCH 237

15.2.2.2 FISCH in a Flemish and European Context 241

15.2.2.3 Added Value of FISCH and Spillover Effects 242

15.2.3 Putting It All into Practice: Implementing FISCH 243

15.3 Concluding Remarks and Lessons Learned 244

Acknowledgments 245

References 245

16 The Transition to a Bio–Based Chemical Industry: Transition Management from a Geographical Point of View 247Nele D Haese

16.1 Introduction 247

16.2 Composition of the Chemical Clusters in Antwerp, Ghent, Rotterdam, and Terneuzen 249

16.2.1 The Rhine Scheldt Delta 249

16.2.2 Past and Present of the Petrochemical Industry in the Ports of Antwerp, Ghent, Rotterdam, and Terneuzen 250

16.3 Regional Innovation Projects to Strengthen the Transition to a Bio–Based Chemical Industry 254

16.3.1 First Step: Substitution of Fossil Resources by Bio–Based Feedstocks Making Use of Vested Technologies 254

16.3.2 Second Step: Development of a New Technological Paradigm for the Production of Second–Generation Bio–Based Products 257

16.3.3 Third Step: Closing Material Loops 258

16.4 Conclusions 259

References 262

Part VI Conclusions and Recommendations 265

17 Conclusions and Recommendations 267Genserik L.L. Reniers, Kenneth S¨orensen, and Karl Vrancken

Index 269

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Genserik L. L. Reniers
Kenneth Sörensen
Karl Vrancken
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