Graphene. Synthesis, Properties, and Phenomena

  • ID: 2254028
  • Book
  • 438 Pages
  • John Wiley and Sons Ltd
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Since its discovery in 2004, graphene has been a great sensation due to its unique structure and unusual properties, and it has only taken 6 years for a Noble Prize to be awarded for the field of graphene research.

This monograph gives a well–balanced overview on all areas of scientific interest surrounding this fascinating nanocarbon. In one handy volume it offers comprehensive coverage of the topic, including chemical, materials science, nanoscience, physics, engineering, life science, and potential applications. Other graphene–like, inorganic layered materials are also discussed. Edited by two highly honored scientists, this is an invaluable companion for inorganic, organic, and physical chemists, materials scientists, and physicists.

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PREFACE

SYNTHESIS, CHARACTERIZATION, AND SELECTED PROPERTIES OF GRAPHENE

Introduction

Synthesis of Single–Layer and Few–Layered Graphenes

Synthesis of Graphene Nanoribbons

Selected Properties

Inorganic Graphene Analogs

UNDERSTANDING GRAPHENE VIA RAMAN SCATTERING

Introduction

Atomic Structure and Electronic Structure of Graphene

Phonons and Raman Modes in Graphene

Layer Dependence of Raman Spectra

Phonon Renormalization Due to Electron and Hole Doping of Graphene

Raman Spectroscopy of Graphene Edges and Graphene Nanoribbons

Effect of Disorder on the Raman Spectrum of Graphene

Raman Spectroscopy of Graphene under Strain

Temperature and Pressure Dependence of Raman Modes in Graphene as Nanometrological Tools

Tip–Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy of Graphene Layers

Conclusions

PHYSICS OF QUANTA AND QUANTUM FIELDS IN GRAPHENE

Introduction

Dirac Theory in 3 + 1 Dimensions: A Review

Band Structure of Graphene: Massless Chiral Dirac Electrons in 2 + 1 Dimensions

Anomaly – A Brief Introduction

Graphene and 2 + 1–Dimensional Parity Anomaly

Zitterbewegung

Klein Paradox

Relativistic–Type Effects and Vacuum Collapse in Graphene in Crossed Electric and Magnetic Fields

Prediction of Spin–1 Quanta from Resonating Valence Bond Correlations

Majorana Zero Mode from Two–Channel Kondo Effect in Graphene

Lattice Deformation as Gauge Fields

Summary

MAGNETISM OF NANOGRAPHENE

Introduction

Theoretical Background of Magnetism in Nanographene and Graphene Edges

Experimental Approach to Magnetism of Nanographene

Magnetic Phenomena Arising in the Interaction with Guest Molecules in Nanographene–Based Nanoporous Carbon

Summary

PHYSICS OF ELECTRICAL NOISE IN GRAPHENE

Introduction

Flicker Noise or `′1/f ′ Noise in Electrical Conductivity of Graphene

Noise in Quantum Transport in Graphene at Low Temperature

Quantum–Confined Graphene

Conclusions and Outlook

SUSPENDED GRAPHENE DEVICES FOR NANOELECTROMECHANICS AND FOR THE STUDY OF QUANTUM HALL EFFECT

Introduction

Quantum Hall Effect in Graphene

Fabrication of Suspended Graphene Devices

Nanoelectromechanics Using Suspended Graphene Devices

Using Suspended Graphene NEMS Devices to Measure Thermal Expansion of Graphene

High–Mobility Suspended Graphene Devices to Study Quantum Hall Effect

ELECTRONIC AND MAGNETIC PROPERTIES OF PATTERNED NANORIBBONS: A DETAILED COMPUTATIONAL STUDY

Introduction

Experimental Results

Theory of GNRs

Hydrogenation at the Edges

Novel Properties

Outlook

STONE–WALES DEFECTS IN GRAPHENE AND RELATED TWO–DIMENSIONAL NANOMATERIALS

Introduction

Computational Methods

Graphene: Stone–Wales (SW) Defects

C1–x(BN)x/2: C–BN Interfaces

Two–Dimensional MoS2 and MoSe2

Summary

GRAPHENE AND GRAPHENE–OXIDE–BASED MATERIALS FOR ELECTROCHEMICAL ENERGY SYSTEMS

Introduction

Graphene–Based Materials for Fuel Cells

Graphene–Based Supercapacitors

Graphene in Batteries

Conclusions and Future Perspectives

HETEROGENEOUS CATALYSIS BY METAL NANOPARTICLES SUPPORTED ON GRAPHENE

Introduction

Synthesis of Graphene and Metal Nanoparticles Supported on Graphene

Pd/Graphene Heterogeneous Catalysts for Carbon–Carbon Cross–Coupling Reactions

CO Oxidation by Transition–Metal/Metal–Oxide Nanoparticles Supported on Graphene

Conclusions and Outlook

GRAPHENES IN SUPRAMOLECULAR GELS AND IN BIOLOGICAL SYSTEMS

Introduction

Toward the Gelation of GO

Polymer–Assisted Formation of Multifunctional Graphene Gels

Graphene Aerogels

Hydrogel and Organogel as the Host for the Incorporation of Graphene

Biological Applications Involving Graphene

Conclusions and Future Directions

BIOMEDICAL APPLICATIONS OF GRAPHENE: OPPORTUNITIES AND CHALLENGES

Introduction

Summary of Physical and Chemical Properties of Graphene

Cellular Uptake, Biodistribution, and Clearance

Toxicity of Graphene

Mitigation of Toxicity by Surface Modifications

In vivo Toxicity

Potential Application Areas: Opportunities

Conclusions

INDEX

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This book will be useful to students, teachers, and researchers in material science interested in learning about and taking part in the exciting developments based on graphene.   (IEEE Electrical Insulation Magazine, 1 January 2014)

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