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A Companion to Paleoanthropology. Wiley Blackwell Companions to Anthropology

  • ID: 2293067
  • Book
  • February 2013
  • Region: Global
  • 648 Pages
  • John Wiley and Sons Ltd
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A Companion to Paleoanthropology presents a compendium of readings representing the state–of–the–art in our knowledge relating to the study of ancient humans as found in fossil hominid evidence. Contributions from top scholars in paleoanthropology and related fields offer accessible overviews of paleontological methods and research topics for established researchers, instructors, students, and non–professionals alike. The original essays define new trends and current interpretations of the paleoanthropological record. Chapters are organized into sections that survey the history and techniques of paleoanthropology, evaluate the fossil evidence and the current classification of hominids, and review the trends throughout ape and human evolution in cranial, postcranial and brain evolution

By presenting the latest findings and developments in the field, A Companion to Paleoanthropology represents an important contribution to our understanding of the current social discourse on human origins and evolution.

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List of Illustrations viii

List of Tables xvi

Notes on Contributors xviii

Acknowledgments xxviii

1 The Past, Present and Future of Paleoanthropology 1
David R. Begun

2 History 17
Matthew R. Goodrum

Part I Background to Paleoanthropology 35

Section 1 Method and Theory 35

3 Human Systematics 37
David S. Strait

4 Experimental Approaches to Musculoskeletal Function in Primates 55
Matthew J. Ravosa, Kimberly A. Congdon, and Rachel A. Menegaz

5 Multivariate Quantitative Methods in Paleoanthropology 75
Michael A. Schillaci and Philipp Gunz

6 Growth, Development, and Life History in Hominin Evolution 97
Jay Kelley and Debra Bolter

Section 2 Anatomical Regions 118

7 Cranial Evolution in the Apes 119
Brian T. Shea

8 Hominid Brain Evolution 136
P. Thomas Schoenemann

9 Hominin Diets 165
Peter S. Ungar and Matt Sponheimer

10 Origin and Evolution of Human Postcranial Anatomy 183
Brian G. Richmond and Kevin G. Hatala

Section 3 Environment and Behavior 203

11 Multiproxy Paleoecology: Reconstructing Evolutionary Context in Paleoanthropology 204
Kaye E. Reed

12 Reconstructing Social Behavior from Fossil Evidence 226
J. Michael Plavcan

13 Geochronology 244
Alan L. Deino

14 The Origins and Evolution of Technology 265
Kathy Schick and Nicholas Toth

Section 4 Genetics and Race 290

15 Genetic Perspectives on Ape and Human Evolution 291
Todd R. Disotell

16 The Genetics of Morphology 306
Richard J. Sherwood and Dana L. Duren

17 Paleoanthropology and Race 321
Milford H. Wolpoff and Rachel Caspari

Part II The Fossil Record 339

Section 5 Paleogene Primates 339

18 Primate Origins 341
Mary T. Silcox

19 Anthropoid Origins 358
K. Christopher Beard

20 Catarrhine Origins 376
Terry Harrison

Section 6 Neogene/Quaternary Hominoids 397

21 The Miocene Hominoid Radiations 398
David R. Begun

22 Before Australopithecus : The Earliest Hominins 417
Scott W. Simpson

23 Australopithecus and Kenyanthropus 434
Ashley S. Hammond and Carol V. Ward

24 Paranthropus 457
Bernard Wood and Kes Schroer

Section 7 The Age of Homo 479

25 Earliest Homo 480
Friedemann Schrenk

26 Homo erectus and Related Taxa 497
Susan C. Antón

27 The Middle Pleistocene Record: On the Ancestry of Neandertals, Modern Humans and Others … 517
Jean–Jacques Hublin

28 Neanderthals 538
Katerina Harvati–Papatheodorou

29 Modern Human Origins 557
Mark Collard and Mana Dembo

30 Homo floresiensis 582
William L. Jungers

Index 599

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David R. Begun
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