A Companion to Paleoanthropology. Wiley Blackwell Companions to Anthropology

  • ID: 2293067
  • Book
  • 648 Pages
  • John Wiley and Sons Ltd
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A Companion to Paleoanthropology presents a compendium of readings representing the state–of–the–art in our knowledge relating to the study of ancient humans as found in fossil hominid evidence. Contributions from top scholars in paleoanthropology and related fields offer accessible overviews of paleontological methods and research topics for established researchers, instructors, students, and non–professionals alike. The original essays define new trends and current interpretations of the paleoanthropological record. Chapters are organized into sections that survey the history and techniques of paleoanthropology, evaluate the fossil evidence and the current classification of hominids, and review the trends throughout ape and human evolution in cranial, postcranial and brain evolution

By presenting the latest findings and developments in the field, A Companion to Paleoanthropology represents an important contribution to our understanding of the current social discourse on human origins and evolution.

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List of Illustrations viii

List of Tables xvi

Notes on Contributors xviiiAcknowledgments xxviii

1 The Past, Present and Future of Paleoanthropology 1David R. Begun

2 History 17Matthew R. Goodrum

Part I Background to Paleoanthropology 35

Section 1 Method and Theory 35

3 Human Systematics 37David S. Strait

4 Experimental Approaches to Musculoskeletal Function in Primates 55Matthew J. Ravosa, Kimberly A. Congdon, and Rachel A. Menegaz

5 Multivariate Quantitative Methods in Paleoanthropology 75Michael A. Schillaci and Philipp Gunz

6 Growth, Development, and Life History in Hominin Evolution 97Jay Kelley and Debra Bolter

Section 2 Anatomical Regions 118

7 Cranial Evolution in the Apes 119Brian T. Shea

8 Hominid Brain Evolution 136P. Thomas Schoenemann

9 Hominin Diets 165Peter S. Ungar and Matt Sponheimer

10 Origin and Evolution of Human Postcranial Anatomy 183Brian G. Richmond and Kevin G. Hatala

Section 3 Environment and Behavior 203

11 Multiproxy Paleoecology: Reconstructing Evolutionary Context in Paleoanthropology 204Kaye E. Reed

12 Reconstructing Social Behavior from Fossil Evidence 226J. Michael Plavcan

13 Geochronology 244Alan L. Deino

14 The Origins and Evolution of Technology 265Kathy Schick and Nicholas Toth

Section 4 Genetics and Race 290

15 Genetic Perspectives on Ape and Human Evolution 291Todd R. Disotell

16 The Genetics of Morphology 306Richard J. Sherwood and Dana L. Duren

17 Paleoanthropology and Race 321Milford H. Wolpoff and Rachel Caspari

Part II The Fossil Record 339

Section 5 Paleogene Primates 339

18 Primate Origins 341Mary T. Silcox

19 Anthropoid Origins 358K. Christopher Beard

20 Catarrhine Origins 376
Terry Harrison

Section 6 Neogene/Quaternary Hominoids 397

21 The Miocene Hominoid Radiations 398David R. Begun

22 Before Australopithecus : The Earliest Hominins 417Scott W. Simpson

23 Australopithecus and Kenyanthropus 434Ashley S. Hammond and Carol V. Ward

24 Paranthropus 457Bernard Wood and Kes Schroer

Section 7 The Age of Homo 479

25 Earliest Homo 480Friedemann Schrenk

26 Homo erectus and Related Taxa 497Susan C. Antón

27 The Middle Pleistocene Record: On the Ancestry of Neandertals, Modern Humans and Others … 517Jean–Jacques Hublin

28 Neanderthals 538Katerina Harvati–Papatheodorou

29 Modern Human Origins 557Mark Collard and Mana Dembo

30 Homo floresiensis 582William L. Jungers

Index 599

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David R. Begun
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