The book covers all the local authority personal social services and the frameworks within which they operate. It addresses the major changes that have taken place in the social services in recent years and looks forward to prospects for personal social services in the future.
List of Tables.
List of Contributors.
Part I: Establishing the Main Concerns of the Book.
1. What are Local Authority Social Services? (Michael Hill).
Social Services Work.
Social Services and Other Areas of Social Policy.
Social Services and Health.
Social Services as Last Resort Services.
2. Origins of the Local Authority Social Services (Michael Hill).
Personal Social Services before 1948.
Developments in the 1940s.
1948 to 1971.
1971 to 1990.
3. The Contemporary Social Framework (Michael Hill).
The Basic Demographic Picture.
More Complex Demographic Issues.
Economic Stresses and Strains.
Ill health and Disability.
Conclusions: Social Pathology and Social Services.
Part II: The Local Authority Social Services Task.
4. Child Care (Jane Tunstill).
A Brief Historical Perspective on Social Services Provision for Children.
The Legal and Administrative Framework.
Services and Settings.
Key Service Issues.
The Role of Training.
5. Adult Care (Bob Hudson).
Services for Older People.
Services for People with a Learning Disability.
Services for Physically Disabled People.
6. Mental Health (Ian Shaw).
Mental Illness and the New Community Care.
Mental Health and Social Work.
Problems with Community Care.
7. Social Services and Social Security (Michael Hill).
Cash and Care in the Years after the End of the Poor Law: an Evolving Relationship.
Cash Benefits and Welfare Rights.
The Welfare Responsibilities and Concerns of Social Security Agencies.
The Impact of the 1986 Social Security Act.
Disability, Community Care and Local Authority Means–Testing.
Part III: Organization: Present and Future:.
8. The Central and Local Government Framework (Michael Hill).
The Role of the Department of Health.
The Audit Commission.
The Local Government Context.
The Collective Representation of Local Authorities.
Local Government Finance and the Social Services Function.
Policy Making in Local Government.
Organizational Issues about Health Service Collaboration.
9. Organization within Local Authorities (Michael Hill).
The Organization of Social Services: The Model after Seebohm.
Elaborating the Model: Preoccupations in the 1970s and 1980s.
The ′Big Bang′ of the 1990s – Community Care and the Children Act.
Contemporary Models of Social Services Organization.
Staffing of Social Services Authorities.
10. Modernizing Social Services: The Management Challenge of the 1998 Social Services White Paper (Stephen Mitchell).
Background: the 1997 Inheritance.
Modernizing Adult Services.
Modernizing Children′s Services.
Strengthening Regulation of Services and the Workforce.
Conclusion: The Key Challenges.
11. Conclusions: The Future of Local Authority Social Services (Michael Hill).