- Introduces data mining methods and applications.
- Covers classical and Bayesian multivariate statistical methodology as well as machine learning and computational data mining methods.
- Includes many recent developments such as association and sequence rules, graphical Markov models, lifetime value modelling, credit risk, operational risk and web mining.
- Features detailed case studies based on applied projects within industry.
- Incorporates discussion of data mining software, with case studies analysed using R.
- Is accessible to anyone with a basic knowledge of statistics or data analysis.
- Includes an extensive bibliography and pointers to further reading within the text.
Applied Data Mining for Business and Industry, 2nd edition is aimed at advanced undergraduate and graduate students of data mining, applied statistics, database management, computer science and economics. The case studies will provide guidance to professionals working in industry on projects involving large volumes of data, such as customer relationship management, web design, risk management, marketing, economics and finance.
Part I Methodology.
2 Organisation of the data.
2.1 Statistical units and statistical variables.
2.2 Data matrices and their transformations.
2.3 Complex data structures.
3 Summary statistics.
3.1 Univariate exploratory analysis.
3.1.1 Measures of location.
3.1.2 Measures of variability.
3.1.3 Measures of heterogeneity.
3.1.4 Measures of concentration.
3.1.5 Measures of asymmetry.
3.1.6 Measures of kurtosis.
3.2 Bivariate exploratory analysis of quantitative data.
3.3 Multivariate exploratory analysis of quantitative data.
3.4 Multivariate exploratory analysis of qualitative data.
3.4.1 Independence and association.
3.4.2 Distance measures.
3.4.3 Dependency measures.
3.4.4 Model–based measures.
3.5 Reduction of dimensionality.
3.5.1 Interpretation of the principal components.
3.6 Further reading.
4 Model specification.
4.1 Measures of distance.
4.1.1 Euclidean distance.
4.1.2 Similarity measures.
4.1.3 Multidimensional scaling.
4.2 Cluster analysis.
4.2.1 Hierarchical methods.
4.2.2 Evaluation of hierarchical methods.
4.2.3 Non–hierarchical methods.
4.3 Linear regression.
4.3.1 Bivariate linear regression.
4.3.2 Properties of the residuals.
4.3.3 Goodness of fit.
4.3.4 Multiple linear regression.
4.4 Logistic regression.
4.4.1 Interpretation of logistic regression.
4.4.2 Discriminant analysis.
4.5 Tree models.
4.5.1 Division criteria.
4.6 Neural networks.
4.6.1 Architecture of a neural network.
4.6.2 The multilayer perceptron.
4.6.3 Kohonen networks.
4.7 Nearest–neighbour models.
4.8 Local models.
4.8.1 Association rules.
4.8.2 Retrieval by content.
4.9 Uncertainty measures and inference.
4.9.2 Statistical models.
4.9.3 Statistical inference.
4.10 Non–parametric modelling.
4.11 The normal linear model.
4.11.1 Main inferential results.
4.12 Generalised linear models.
4.12.1 The exponential family.
4.12.2 Definition of generalised linear models.
4.12.3 The logistic regression model.
4.13 Log–linear models.
4.13.1 Construction of a log–linear model.
4.13.2 Interpretation of a log–linear model.
4.13.3 Graphical log–linear models.
4.13.4 Log–linear model comparison.
4.14 Graphical models.
4.14.1 Symmetric graphical models.
4.14.2 Recursive graphical models.
4.14.3 Graphical models and neural networks.
4.15 Survival analysis models.
4.16 Further reading.
5 Model evaluation.
5.1 Criteria based on statistical tests.
5.1.1 Distance between statistical models.
5.1.2 Discrepancy of a statistical model.
5.1.3 Kullback Leibler discrepancy.
5.2 Criteria based on scoring functions.
5.3 Bayesian criteria.
5.4 Computational criteria.
5.5 Criteria based on loss functions.
5.6 Further reading.
Part II Business case studies.
6 Describing website visitors.
6.1 Objectives of the analysis.
6.2 Description of the data.
6.3 Exploratory analysis.
6.4 Model building.
6.4.1 Cluster analysis.
6.4.2 Kohonen networks.
6.5 Model comparison.
6.6 Summary report.
7 Market basket analysis.
7.1 Objectives of the analysis.
7.2 Description of the data.
7.3 Exploratory data analysis.
7.4 Model building.
7.4.1 Log–linear models.
7.4.2 Association rules.
7.5 Model comparison.
7.6 Summary report.
8 Describing customer satisfaction.
8.1 Objectives of the analysis.
8.2 Description of the data.
8.3 Exploratory data analysis.
8.4 Model building.
9 Predicting credit risk of small businesses.
9.1 Objectives of the analysis.
9.2 Description of the data.
9.3 Exploratory data analysis.
9.4 Model building.
9.5 Model comparison.
9.6 Summary report.
10 Predicting e–learning student performance.
10.1 Objectives of the analysis.
10.2 Description of the data.
10.3 Exploratory data analysis.
10.4 Model specification.
10.5 Model comparison.
10.6 Summary report.
11 Predicting customer lifetime value.
11.1 Objectives of the analysis.
11.2 Description of the data.
11.3 Exploratory data analysis.
11.4 Model specification.
11.5 Model comparison.
11.6 Summary report.
12 Operational risk management.
12.1 Context and objectives of the analysis.
12.2 Exploratory data analysis.
12.3 Model building.
12.4 Model comparison.
12.5 Summary conclusions.