Preventing Harmful Substance Use: The evidence base for policy and practice offers a comprehensive summary of the best available scientific evidence for the prevention of harm from substance use. The editors provide a broad view of what constitutes prevention; including multiple approaches across various settings and levels of society. Each chapter provides important recommendations for supply, demand and harm reduction strategies that will improve the health of communities throughout the world.
A multidisciplinary team of leading international researchers and practitioners have worked together to provide authoritative accounts of their areas of expertise, which include the following:
- Updated concepts and theories of prevention including Community Systems Theory, Social Developmental Models, Deterrence, economics and more broad–based risk factor approaches.
- Overviews of the comparative health and economic costs associated with the use of alcohol, tobacco and illicit drugs.
- Worked examples of cost–benefit analyses and portfolio analyses to help policy makers decide how to invest available funds to achieve maximum population–level benefits.
- Up–to–date reviews of what works for a wide variety of policies and programs, including summary ratings of the strength of evidence for 70 specific strategies.
Preventing Harmful Substance Use will have international appeal to policy makers, educators, health professionals and researchers in psychology, psychiatry, sociology, criminology, economics, addiction, and health promotion.
SECTION 1: Editors Introduction.
1.1 Preventing Risky Drug Use and Related Harms: The Need For a Synthesis of New Knowledge (Tim Stockwell, Paul Gruenewald, John Toumbourou and Wendy Loxley).
SECTION 2: Patterns of risk and related harms (Editor: Tim Stockwell).
2.1 Introduction and Overview (Tim Stockwell).
2.2 The Global Burden of Disease Attributable to Alcohol, Tobacco and Illicit Drugs (Juergen Rehm, Switzerland and Robin Room).
2.3 Substance Use and Mental Health in Longitudinal Perspective Marree Teesson, Louisa Degenhardt, Wayne Hall, Michael Lynskey, John Toumbourou and George Patton).
2.4 Predicting Developmentally Harmful Substance Use (John Toumbourou and Richard F. Catalano).
2.5 Population Ecologies of Drug Use, Drinking and Related Problems (Elizabeth LaScala, Bridget Freisthler and Paul Gruenewald).
SECTION 3: Interventions for children and adolescents (Editor: John Toumbourou).
3.1 Introduction (John Toumbourou).
3.2 What Do We Know About Preventing Drug–Related Harm Through Social Developmental Intervention with Children and Young People (John Toumbourou, Jo Williams, Elizabeth Waters and George Patton).
3.3 The Evidence Base For School Drug Education Interventions 9Nyanda McBride).
3.4 Alcohol Policy and Youth Drinking: Overview of Effective Interventions For Young People (Joel Grube and Peter Nygaard).
3.5 Testing a Community Prevention Focused Model of Coalition Functioning and Sustainability: A Comprehensive Study of Communities That Care in Pennsylvania (Mark Greenberg, Mark Feinberg, Brendan Gomez and Wayne Osgood).
SECTION 4: Interventions in the community; illustrative case studies (Editor: Paul Gruenewald).
4.1 Introduction (Paul Gruenewald).
4.2 Community Systems and Ecologies of Drug and Alcohol Problems (Harold Holder, Andrew Treno and David Levy).
4.3 Violence Prevention in Licensed Premises (Ben Haines, Australia and Kate Graham).
4.4 Application of Evidence–Based Approaches to Community Interventions Andrew Treno, Juliet Lee, Bridget Freisthler, Lillian Remer and Paul Gruenewald).
4.5 Preventing Alcohol and Other Drugs in the Workplace (Richard Midford, Fredrik Welande and Steve Allsop).
4.6 Effects of a Community Action Program on Problems Related to Alcohol Consumption at Licensed Premises (Eva Wallin And Sven Andreasson).
4.7 Strategies For Community–Based Drug Law Enforcement: From Prohibition To Harm Reduction (Chris Canty, Adam Sutton And Steve James).
SECTION 5: Legislative and Regulatory Perspectives on the Prevention of Risky Drug Use and Harm (Editor: Wendy Loxley).
5.1 Introduction (Wendy Loxley).
5.2 Regulating Tobacco to Minimise Harms (Jonathan Liberman and Ron Borland).
5.3 Intelligence–Led Regulation of Licensed Premises (Neil Donnelly and Suzanne Briscoe).
5.4 Deterrence Theory and the Limitations of Criminal Penalties for Cannabis Use (Simon Lenton).
5.5 Interventions For Illicit Drug Users within the Criminal Justice System: A Review of Some Programs in Australia, the United Kingdom and the United States (Wendy Loxley).
5.6 Social Ecology and the Invention of New Regulatory Strategies For Preventing Drug and Alcohol Problems (Bridget Freisthler and Paul J. Gruenewald).
SECTION 6: The evidence base for prevention in broad perspective (Editor: Paul Gruenewald).
6.1 Introduction (Paul Gruenewald).
6.2 What is "Evidence," and Can We Provide It? (Bob Saltz).
6.3 US Policy on Illegal Drugs: What We Don′t Know Keeps Hurting Us A Perspective On Future Research Needs (James C. Anthony).
6.4 Preventing Tobacco Use and Harm: What Is Evidence–Based Policy? (Sandra Younie, Michelle Scollo, David Hill and Ron Borland).
6.5 Moving Toward a Common Evidence Base For Alcohol and Other Drug Prevention Policy (Harold Holder and Andrew Treno).
6.6 The Evidence Base For Preventing the Spread of Blood–Borne Diseases Within and From Populations of Injecting Drug Users (Marcia Russell and Susan Carruthers).
6.7 The Evidence Base For Responding to Substance Misuse in Indigenous Minority Populations (Dennis Gray and Sherry Saggers).
SECTION 7: The future of prevention research and policy(Editor: Tim Stockwell).
7.1 Introduction (Tim Stockwell).
7.2 Investing For Cost–Effectiveness in the Face of Uncertainty: Applying Financial Portfolio Optimization to Prevention Programming (Jonathan Caulkins).
7.3 How Should Governments Spend the Drug Prevention Dollar: A Buyer′s Guide (Ted Miller, USA and Delia Hendrie).
7.4 Key Moments in the Ethnography Of Drug–Related Harm: Reality Checks for Policy Makers? (David Moore).
7.5 Recommendations For New Directions in the Prevention of Risky Substance Use and Related Harms (Tim Stockwell, Paul Gruenewald, John Toumbourou and Wendy Loxley).