The Guide to Understanding Impedance Spectroscopy and Its Applications
Compiling the cumulative research of the last two decades on theoretical considerations and practical applications of impedance spectroscopy, this book covers all of the topics that will help readers quickly determine whether this technique is an appropriate method of analysis for their own research problems, and how to apply it. This includes understanding how to correctly make impedance measurements, interpret the results, compare these results with previously published information, and use appropriate mathematical formulas to verify data accuracy.
Unique to this monograph is an emphasis on practical applications of impedance spectroscopy. Impedance Spectroscopy is developed around a representative catalogue of the most commonly encountered impedance data examples for a large variety of established, emerging, and non–conventional experimental and applied systems. The book also presents theoretical considerations for dealing with impedance data modeling, equivalent circuits, relevant complex domain mathematical equations, and physical and chemical interpretation of the experimental results for many problems encountered in research and industrial settings. A review of impedance instrumentation, selection of best measurement methods for particular systems, and analysis of potential sources of error is also included. Many helpful references to scientific literature for further information on particular topics and current research are offered, along with an overview of impedance spectroscopy modifications and related techniques.
Impedance Spectroscopy is primarily addressed to industrial scientists, engineers, researchers, and graduate students working in electrochemistry, chemical engineering, biomedical sciences, advanced materials, renewable energy, sensors, electronics, and other related fields.
1. Fundamentals of electrochemical impedance spectroscopy 1
2. Graphical representation of impedance spectroscopy data 23
3. Equivalent–circuit elements and modeling of the impedance phenomenon 37
4. Examples of ideal equivalent circuit models 49
5. Impedance representation of bulk–material and electrode processes 59
6. Distributed impedance models 97
7. Impedance analysis of complex systems 113
8. Impedance Instrumentation, testing, and data validation 163
9. Selected examples of impedance–analysis applications: electroactive polymer films 205
10. Selected examples of EIS analysis applications: industrial colloids and lubricants 219
11. Selected examples of EIS analysis applications: cell suspensions, protein adsorption, and implantable biomedical devices 247
12. Selected examples of impedance–analysis applications 281
13. Impedance–spectroscopy modifications 319
14. Conclusions and perspectives of EIS 333
Abbreviations and Symbols 335
Vadim F. Lvovich is currently a Chief Principal Engineer in the Aerospace and Electronics division of Crane Corporation. He also holds a position as an Associate Professor of Chemical Engineering at Case Western Reserve University. His career has encompassed a number of senior level research and development positions in specialty chemicals, petrochemicals, biomedical devices, sensors, and electronics industries. He has authored over forty major research publications and review chapters, received nine patents, and given thirty major conference presentations.