"This book is powerful stuff. When the hero of the story is a cockroach, you are assured of a controversial, illuminating, and fascinating discovery of where the financial risks really lurk and how to avoid them. Bookstaber knows whereof he speaks: I have read every word of his sophisticated essays on why market crises are inevitable, why investors are their own worst enemies, and how regulators should keep out of their way."
—Peter L. Bernstein, author of Against the Gods: The Remarkable Story of Risk
"Are you ready for the real deal? An insider, everysider view of the Wall Street calamities that have kept investing tantalizingly hot and frighteningly volatile since the crash of ′87. For an in–depth, curtains–open, and coolly written exposition of Wall Street, Bookstaber is my man."
—Mark Rubinstein, Professor of Finance, UC Berkeley
"Exactly WHY do markets misbehave? Rick Bookstaber draws on his extensive knowledge of today′s complex financial markets to set forth many of the reasons endogenous risk is so large AND so ominous. He understands one of the most sobering aspects of this risk: its sources are far too complex to be meaningfully assessed. This gives lie to current regulatory bromides that ′everything will be OK provided that we better assess and manage risk,′ for the risks that matter most are non–assessable!"
—H. "Woody" Brock, President, Strategic Economic Decisions, Inc.
"Rick Bookstaber was at the nexus of many of the financial crises of the past twenty–five years. His recollections and smart analyses of markets, meltdowns, and the people who caused them make for a genuine thriller."
—Emanuel Derman, author of My Life as a Quant
About the Author xix
CHAPTER 1 ∼ Introduction: The Paradox of Market Risk 1
CHAPTER 2 ∼ The Demons of ’87 7
CHAPTER 3 ∼ A New Sheriff in Town 33
CHAPTER 4 ∼ How Salomon Rolled the Dice and Lost 51
CHAPTER 5 ∼ They Bought Salomon, Then They Killed It 77
CHAPTER 6 ∼ Long–Term Capital Management Rides the Leverage Cycle to Hell 97
CHAPTER 7 ∼ Colossus 125
CHAPTER 8 ∼ Complexity, Tight Coupling, and Normal Accidents 143
CHAPTER 9 ∼ The Brave New World of Hedge Funds 165
CHAPTER 10 ∼ Cockroaches and Hedge Funds 207
CHAPTER 11 ∼ Hedge Fund Existential 243
Conclusion: Built to Crash? 255
"Mr. Bookstaber is one of Wall Street′s ′rocket scientists′––mathematicians lured from academia to help create both complex financial instruments and new computer models for making investing decisions. In the book, he makes a simple point: The turmoil in the financial markets today comes less from changes in the economy––economic growth, for example, is half as volatile as it was 50 years ago––and more from some of the financial instruments (derivatives) that were designed to control risk." (The New York Times)
"Bright sparks like Mr Bookstaber ushered in a revolution that fuelled the boom in financial derivatives and Byzantine ′structured products.′ The problem, he argues, is that this wizardry has made markets more crisis–prone, not less so. It has done this in two ways: by increasing complexity, and by forging tighter links between various markets and securities, making them dangerously interdependent." (The Economist)
"He understands the inner workings of financial markets...A liberal sparkling of juicy stories from the trading floor..." (The Economist)
"…smart book…Part memoir, part market forensics, the book gives an insider′s view…" (Bloomberg News)
"Like many pessimistic observers, Richard Bookstaber thinks financial derivatives, Wall Street innovation and hedge funds will lead to a financial meltdown. What sets Mr. Bookstaber apart is that he has spent his career designing derivatives, working on Wall Street and running a hedge fund." (The Wall Street Journal)
"Every so often [a book] pops out of the pile with something original to say, or an original way of saying it. Richard Bookstaber, in A Demon of Our Own Design: Markets, Hedge Funds, and the Perils of Financial Innovation, accomplishes both of these rare feats." (Fortune)
"a must–read amidst the current market chaos" (BusinessWeek.com)
"Bookstaber is a former academic who went on to head risk management for Morgan Stanley and now runs a large hedge fund. He knows the subject and has written a lucid and readable book. To his aid he calls mathematics (from Bertrand Russell to Godel′s theorem); physics (particularly Heisenberg′s uncertainty principle); and even –– meteorology." (Financial Times)
"The book covers a lot about risk management that is relevant to capital markets conditions today and the liquidity crisis." (Financial Times, Saturday 25th August)
"...an insider′s guide to markets, hedge funds and the perils of financial innovation. We saw plenty of those in 2007." (The Sunday Telegraph, Sunday 25th November 2007)
"I cannot recommend this book too highly. It is a clear exposition of what the combination of derivatives, leverage and hedge funds can do to the markets.
In short, A Demon of our Own Design is a guide to the dangerous financial markets we have created for ourselves by the clever innovations of structured finance, derivatives, credit default swaps and other newfangled products that are a mystery to the ordinary investor and even plenty of the sophisticates in the investment business. To understand the demonic risks we′re taking, read this book."––Forbes.com