Thermal Analysis of Polymers. Fundamentals and Applications

  • ID: 2326431
  • Book
  • 696 Pages
  • John Wiley and Sons Ltd
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Learn how to take full advantage of a broad range of thermal analysis techniques

Thermal Analysis of Polymers: Fundamentals and Applications emphasizes the practical uses of thermal analysis, enabling readers to take full advantage of its capabilities as a polymer characterization tool in their laboratories. The book offers essential theoretical background; however, it focuses on how to perform a broad range of thermal analysis measurements and tests, with detailed coverage of methods, applications, instrumentation, and calibration. Moreover, it helps readers correctly interpret their results.

This book features a team of authors whose expertise spans all the thermal analysis techniques and applications covered in the book. Their advice is based not only on thorough knowledge of the literature, but also their own hands–on experience working in the lab. Among the topics covered are:

  • Differential scanning calorimetry

  • Thermogravimetric analysis

  • Thermomechanical analysis and thermodilatometry

  • Dynamic mechanical analysis

  • Dielectric analysis

  • Micro– and nano–scale local thermal analysis

Each chapter guides readers through the applications of thermal analysis for polymer char–acterization, with detailed examples that show how to perform each step. References guide readers to the primary literature for further investigation into each topic.

Following this book′s step–by–step guidance, chemists and engineers new to thermal analysis techniques, whether in industry, government, or academia, can quickly learn to use them to generate high–quality results. For more experienced researchers, the book enables them to expand their repertoire to include a broader range of sophisticated techniques and applications.

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Chapter I: Introduction (Joseph D. Menczel, R. Bruce Prime and Patrick K. Gallagher).

Chapter II: Differential Scanning Calorimetry (Joseph D. Menczel, Lawrence H. Judovits, R. Bruce Prime, Harvey E. Bair, Mike Reading, and Steven Swier).

1. Introduction.

2. Elements of Thermodynamics in DSC.

3. The Basics of Differential Scanning Calorimetry.

4. Purity Determination of Low Molecular Mass Compounds by DSC.

5. Calibration of Differential Scanning Calorimeters.

6. The Measurement of Heat Capacity.

7. Phase Transitions in Amorphous and Crystalline Polymers.

8. DSC of Fibers.

9. Films.

10. Thermosets.

11. Differential Photocalorimetry (DPC).

12. Fast Scan DSC.

13. Modulated Temperature Differential Scanning Calorimetry (MTDSC).

14. How to Perform DSC Measurements .

15. Instrumentation.

References.

Chapter III: Thermogravimetric Analysis (TGA) (R. Bruce Prime, Harvey E. Bair, Sergey Vyazovkin, Patrick K. Gallagher, and Alan Riga).

1. Introduction.

2. Background Principles and Measurement Modes.

3. Calibration and Reference Materials.

4. Measurements and Analyses.

5. Kinetics.

6. Selected Applications.

7. Instrumentation.

Appendix.

References.

Chapter IV: Thermomechanical Analysis (TMA) and Thermodilitometry (TD) (Harvey E. Bair, Ali E. Akinay, Joseph D. Menczel, R. Bruce Prime, and Michael Jaffe).

1. Introduction.

2. Principles and Theory.

3. Instrumental.

4. Calibration.

5. How to Perform a TMA Experiment.

6. Key Applications.

7. Selected Industrial Applications.

Appendix.

References.

Chapter V: Dynamic Mechanical Analysis (DMA) (Richard P. Chartoff, Joseph D. Menczel, and Steven H. Dillman).

1. Introduction.

2. Characterization of viscoelastic behavior.

3. Applications of dynamic mechanical analysis.

4. Examples of DMA characterization for thermoplastics.

5. Characteristics of fibers and thin films.

6. DMA characterization of cross–linked polymers.

7. Practical Aspects of Conducting DMA Experiments.

8. Commercial DMA Instrumentation.

Appendix.

References.

Chapter VI: Dielectric Analysis (DEA) (Aglaia Vassilikou–Dova and Ioannis M. Kalogeras).

1. Introduction.

2. Theory and background of dielectric analysis.

3. Dielectric techniques.

4. Performing dielectric experiments.

5. Typical measurements on poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA).

6. Dielectric Analysis of Thermoplastics.

7. Dielectric Analysis of Thermosets.

8. Instrumentation.

Appendix.

References.

Chapter VII: Micro and Nano Scale Local Thermal Analysis (Valeriy V. Gorbunov, David Grandy, Mike Reading, and Vladimir V. Tsukruk).

1. Introduction.

2. The Atomic Force Microscope.

3. Scanning Thermal Microscopy.

4. Thermal Probe Design and Spatial Resolution.

5. Measuring Thermal Conductivity and Thermal Force–Distance Curves.

6. Local Thermal Analysis.

7. Performing a Micro/Nano Thermal Analysis Experiment.

8. Examples of Micro/Nano Thermal Analysis Applications.

9. Overview of Local Thermal Analysis.

References.

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"I have read it with great pleasure and it is my honor to provide this short review. Let me congratulate the editors on the concept of this book. They managed to tune the balance between basic principles and practical information finely . . .In conclusion I think that this book is very useful for students, PhDs, and researchers who are dealing or intended to deal with thermal analysis of polymers." (J Therm Anal Calorim, 2010)
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